denial

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denial,

in psychology, an ego defense mechanism that operates unconsciously to resolve emotional conflict, and to allay anxiety by refusing to perceive the more unpleasant aspects of external reality. In the psychoanalytic theory of Sigmund FreudFreud, Sigmund
, 1856–1939, Austrian psychiatrist, founder of psychoanalysis. Born in Moravia, he lived most of his life in Vienna, receiving his medical degree from the Univ. of Vienna in 1881.

His medical career began with an apprenticeship (1885–86) under J.
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, denial is described as a primitive defense mechanismdefense mechanism,
in psychoanalysis, any of a variety of unconscious personality reactions which the ego uses to protect the conscious mind from threatening feelings and perceptions.
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. Anna FreudFreud, Anna
, 1895–1982, British psychoanalyst, b. Vienna, Austria. Continuing the work of her father, Sigmund Freud, she was a pioneer in the psychoanalysis of children.
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 studied the widespread occurrence of denial among small children and explained that the mature ego does not continue to make extensive use of denial, because it conflicts with the capacity to recognize and critically test reality. Most people employ denial at some time in their lives when coping with stressful situations, such as the death of a loved one. Elisabeth Kübler-RossKübler-Ross, Elisabeth
, 1926–2004, American psychiatrist, b. Switzerland. After studying medicine at the Univ. of Zürich (M.D. 1957), Kübler-Ross became a pioneer in the field of thanatology, the study of death and dying.
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's influential theory describes denial as the first stage of a dying person's progress in coming to terms with terminal illness. In such instances, denial may be considered adaptive. It is considered maladaptive, however, when it becomes delusional. In recent years, the term is used more generally, to describe the suppression of reality rather than a particular defense mechanism in the Freudian sense.

denial

[di′nī·əl]
(mathematics)
(psychology)
An unconscious defense mechanism in which an individual denies herself or himself recognition of an observation in order to avoid pain or anxiety.

denial

1. the rejection of the truth of a proposition, doctrine, etc.
2. a psychological process by which painful truths are not admitted into an individual's consciousness
References in periodicals archive ?
He was a founding father of the heartbeat of denial that lives through both Trump's denials and the assertion that his racial views are abnormal for America and its presidents.
Denials erode the provider organization's bottom line, resulting in the permanent loss of an estimated 3% of net revenue.
Healthcare Revenue Strategies, (HRS), is a revenue cycle consulting provider and developer of RemitWeb TM - a denial management software application that helps healthcare organizations rapidly locate and recover lost revenue within their denials.
Working with the hospital case management team to minimize denials and facilitate efficient and timely discharge.
The available data from the six states in GAO's review and others indicated that the rates of coverage denials, including rates of denials of preauthorizations and claims, also varied significantly.
While some have pointed to what they see as the shortcomings of the MSA, namely the size of UnumProvident's penalty, the failure to formally notice denials from 1997 to 1999, and why claim administered UnumProvident companies were not included, I am very positive on the MSA.
Each denied claim can then be reviewed and, if the denial appears to be inappropriate, remedial action can be taken.
47) While she argues that her evidence shows that "these comparisons matter deeply to us," (48) she is not able to show why status and identity, within an economy of desire, are so deeply important to us, other than that they are socially influenced by the envy of the four-fifths of those of the upper one-fifth (49)--and despite our constant denial of that envy.
The study concluded that SAIF often issued denials before completing investigation of the claim, that it employed an unusually strict interpretation of the requirement that the worker prove compensability, and that it did not accept as conclusive medical evidence that other carriers would accept (Weeks and Harmon, 1992).
The Tax Court held that its jurisdiction is not limited to review of denials of section 6015(b) and (c) relief; there is a strong presumption administrative agency actions are subject to judicial review unless specifically precluded by statute or the action is committed to agency discretion by law.
ALTHOUGH THERE IS NO UNIFORM NATIONAL APPEAL PROCESS in place for managed care plans outside of Medicare, there is and has been for more than 10 years an appeal process that provides dissatisfied Medicare beneficiaries enrolled in Medicare + Choice Organizations (M+COs), including HMOs and PPOs, with recourse for denials of access to care or reimbursement for services already rendered.
It would be easy to see this as normal human denial, to say that some of us genuinely believe we need to get past a "crisis" mentality about AIDS, that some are simply honest skeptics about research, that some deeply believe in a media conspiracy to "demonize" gay sex, and that all these denials--as dangerous and myopic as they are--are understandable, excusable, all too human.