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Related to Densitometry: Bone densitometry
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a branch of photographic sensitometry devoted to measurements of the absorption and scattering of light by developed photographic layers.

The methods of densitometry make possible the quantitative evaluation of the final photographic effect based on the optical density of blackening in the photosensitive layer. There is a nearly linear relationship between the surface concentration of silver in the blackened area and the optical density; their ratio is called the photometric equivalent of blackening. The optical density increases with the degree of dispersion of the silver in the blackened area. Correspondingly, the extent of the optical usefulness of the silver in the blackened area increases with the disperseness of the silver halide in the original light-sensitive layer and with the relative magnitude of the exposure of this layer to light. Because of the nonhomogeneous nature of the blackened areas, the light absorption in these areas is accompanied by strong diffusion. Therefore, the magnitude of optical density depends on the geometric structure (aperture) of the light beams that are incident on the blackened area and are directed to a receiver after passing through the blackened area.

A distinction is made between regular density (D ║) and integral density (DE), which are measured upon illumination of the blackened area by a beam of parallel light rays and upon reception, in the first case, of only that part of the light beam that has not changed direction during passage through the blackened area and, in the second case, of the entire light beam. In addition, diffuse density (D#), which is measured using an ideally diffuse beam of light to illuminate the blackened area, and effective density (D ψ), which is measured under intermediate conditions encountered in practice, are also distinguished. The difference D ║ -DE is a measure of the light diffusion in blackened areas. The diffuse density is commonly used in sensitometry.

The optical density of blackening is measured using densitometers and microphotometers.

The measurement of color fields in developed materials for color photography constitutes a special branch of densitometry.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nevertheless, Pentacam with its densitometry program quantifies the light backscattering effects, which approximates assessment of optical quality of cornea.
Higher Rate of Preventive Care in Patients Who Visit Both a Primary Care Physician and an Oncologist Both Neither PCP * and PCP Oncologist PCP nor Oncologist Only Only Oncologist Influenza vaccination 61.7% 52.4% 49.2% 31.4% Mammography ** 54.3% 32.1% 42.3% 19.9% Cholesterol screening 35.7% 33.5% 24.3% 15.4% Cervical cancer screening ** 20.6% 14.3% 11.9% 5.1% Bone densitometry ** 12.0% 10.7% 5.5% 5.4% * Primary care physician.
It's important to not just read the densitometry report but to look at the scan, he added.
The eligibility requirements for the bone densitometry examination follow the same model established for other ARRT postprimary certification programs; that is, registration in a supporting category and documentation of clinical experience specific to the discipline.
Densitometry applies various scanning techniques to measure the bone mineral density.
Koshy said suggest that "focused use of bone densitometry in women younger than 50 with any of these risk factors can help to identify patients with future fracture risk who may merit osteoporosis prevention."
Sydney Bonnick's new book on bone densitometry was worth waiting for.
SAN DIEGO -- More vertebral fractures were detected when right lateral decubitus positioning was used in densitometric assessment, Diane Krueger reported during a poster session at the annual meeting of the International Society for Clinical Densitometry.
Bone densitometry screening guidelines generally agree that women aged 65 years and older should undergo bone density scans.
And in another development, the International Society for Clinical Densitometry (ISCD) now advocates expanded screening for osteoporosis.
Unlike many other radiologic examinations, bone densitometry is quite patient friendly.