denture

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denture,

artificial replacement for natural teeth and surrounding tissue. Dentures are classified as partial or complete. The former are removable and maintained by clasps, or are fixed bridges with crowns cemented over adjacent teeth or over spikes embedded in the jaw. Complete dentures are replacements for all of the teeth of a jaw and are normally held in place by the suction created by saliva and by the close matching of the denture base to the tissues of the mouth. The first-known mention of dentures is found in the 1728 manuscript of Pierre Fouchard, a French dental surgeon often called the father of modern dentistry. Various substances including wood, ivory, and metal have been used in the construction of dentures, but major advances have resulted from the development of synthetic rubbers and plastics. Today dentures are usually composed of acryllic or porcelain teeth mounted in an acryllic base that is tinted to resemble the gums.
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denture

[′den·chər]
(medicine)
A partial or complete prosthetic appliance to replace one or more missing teeth.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

denture

1. a partial or full set of artificial teeth
2. Rare a set of natural teeth
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
[2, 3] However, resilient denture liners have several problems associated with their use, as loss of softness, change of permanent deformation characteristics, water absorption, and colonization by Candida albicans.
However, one of the severe problems with resilient denture liners is bond failure between liner and denture base leading to microleakage, which in turn may promote bacterial growth, plaque, and calculus formation.
Even though the longevity of silicone denture liners is more when compared to acrylic liners, their major disadvantage is the bond failure between the liner and denture base material because of the adhesive bonding.
Use of a new assay technique for quantification of antifungal activity of Nystatin incorporated in denture liners. J Prosthet Dent.
However, this result should be interpreted with caution, since the high number of cohesive failures in PMMA-based soft liners may be due to the fact that the bond to PMMA resin is stronger than the denture liner tensile strength itself, (16,17,19) inducing failure in soft liner before debonding from PMMA resin occurs.
Effects of undecylenic acid released from denture liner on Candida biofilms.
Tensile bond strength of silicone-based soft denture liner to two chemically different denture base resins after various surface treatments.
biofilm from denture liner surfaces and biofilm recolonization was not prevented.
Denture liners are important in clinical practice, considering that their use provide relief for sharp bony undercuts or extreme sensitivity due to submucosal exposure of the inferior alveolar nerve.
Sahin, "Color stability of heatpolymerized and autopolymerized soft denture liners," Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, vol.
In respect to the diverse applications of polymers in denture science, higher molecular weight methacrylate polymers such as polyethylmethacrylate (PEMA) and polybutylmethacrylate (PBMA) have found uses as soft denture liners.
There is a need for the development of non-leachable plasticizer or plasticizer free soft denture liners that could retain their softness permanently.