In previous crises, contagion effects were visible in stock market indices, and empirical assessments of financial contagion often focus on the dependence among stock market indices in turbulent periods (Bae, Karolyi & Stulz, 2003).
Since financial theories and risk management analysis rely on the dependence structure of assets, the introduction of an alternative measure that overcomes these limitations is paramount.
Linear correlation is the appropriate measure of dependence if asset returns follow a normal multivariate (or elliptical) distribution.
Some dependences of curvature on both moment and axial force are presented by Gong [5, 6], Xu et all .
The complementary dependences of w on F and u on N are in general agreement with the direct dependences, but complementary dependence lines have many differences from the direct dependence lines when variety of the dominant force (N = const or F = const) is examined.
Dependence of column deformations on bending and axial forces is nonlinear if yielding stresses are attained in some cross-sections of the column.
Cage, Jeffery, and Matthews  predicted that devices with two sets of external quadruple-series connections allow dc guideline properties and dc and ac QHR values with small and predicable quadratic frequency dependences to be measured with all sample probe leads attached at the device.
The bridge is constructed such that: a perfect unity ratio, with no frequency dependences or bridge corrections, would be [alpha] = 555.555, where a change of +1.0 in the [alpha] dials reading represents a +1.0 part in [10.sup.6] shift in the in-phase ratio signal [X.sub.M].
Large linear and quadratic frequency dependences occur for both 3TP and 4TP measurements.
Data dependence tests both detect dependences and characterize them in ways that help to guide the search for legal program transformations.
We find it convenient to describe dependences in terms of sets of constraints that define a relation between integer tuples:
We can apply our techniques to flow, output, or antidependences, but will concentrate on flow dependences (dependences from a write to a read) in this article.