In this research they use corruption is an independent variable and debt is a dependent variable
. Furthermore, they construct a corruption perceived index (CPI).
S No###Characteristics###Unit###Constant(a)###Slope (b)###Statistical model for dependent variable
in particulate matter [y = a + b(x)]
The smaller the P-Value, the more significant; a P-value less than or equal to .05 is considered significant for predicting the dependent variable
. (Note: for simple regression with one independent variable, the P-Value is equal to the Significance F).
The dependent variable
in panel (a) is the number of thefts of good i in month t and the independent variable of interest is the price of good i in month t and lags of the price (L is the number of price lags included).
The null hypothesis of no serial correlation is rejected for each industry code and dependent variable
in our sample.
Furthermore, (Negelkerke R square = 0.886) statistic indicate the degree of explained variation of dependent variable
Regression between the independent variable (image) and the dependent variable
(satisfaction) shows that there was a significant positive correlation between these two variables.
* By extrapolation, based on this expression and on other values of independent variables, the corresponding values for the dependent variable
In the latter, we use GRP (both 'physical volume' and deflated values) (9) rather than its growth rate as the dependent variable
. We present the estimates based on both per capita oil output and its GRP share measures, and we use both initial oil abundance measures and current ones, although in the latter case we use system-GMM specifications in order to address potential endogeneity problems.
The research design provides sufficient evidence that the independent variable causes change in the dependent variable
The results of the model with cost of equity as the dependent variable
and CCC are shown in Table 5.
Two of the dependent variables
were transformed using logs in order to correct for skewness.