deportation

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deportation,

expulsion of an alienalien,
in law, any person residing in one political community while owing allegiance to another. A procedure known as naturalization permits aliens to become citizens.

Each nation establishes conditions upon which aliens will be admitted, and makes laws concerning them.
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 from a country by an act of its government. The term is not applied ordinarily to sending a national into exileexile,
removal of a national from his or her country, or the civilized parts of it, for a long period of time or for life. Exile may be a forceful expulsion by the government or a voluntary removal by the citizen, sometimes in order to escape punishment.
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 or to committing one convicted of crime to an overseas penal colony (historically called transportation). In international law the right to send an alien to the country to which he or she owes allegiance (or to any country that will accept him or her) derives from a government's sovereigntysovereignty,
supreme authority in a political community. The concept of sovereignty has had a long history of development, and it may be said that every political theorist since Plato has dealt with the notion in some manner, although not always explicitly.
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. In the United States, deportation is the responsibility of the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement of the Dept. of Homeland Security.

Except under the Alien and Sedition ActsAlien and Sedition Acts,
1798, four laws enacted by the Federalist-controlled U.S. Congress, allegedly in response to the hostile actions of the French Revolutionary government on the seas and in the councils of diplomacy (see XYZ Affair), but actually designed to destroy Thomas
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 of 1798 there was no American deportation law until the enactment in 1882 of a statute aimed at certain Chinese immigrants. The class of deportable aliens was subsequently enlarged several times, coming to include persons who before their entry into the United States were insane, feeble-minded, illiterate, or diseased in various ways. Many foreigners suspected of involvement in radical political activity were deported during the "Red Scare" of 1919. The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 removed the statute of limitations on any kind of deportation.

The largest group of deported persons are those who have entered the country illegally. In the 1980s and 1990s expulsion of some of the numerous refugees from such Caribbean countries as Cuba and Haiti raised controversy. A deported alien cannot reenter the United States without special permission from the attorney general.

Deportation

 

(also banishment, exile), in law, specific kinds of exile employed in the 18th and 19th centuries in accordance with French criminal laws.

The first deportation of politically unreliable people to Guiana was established by the 1791 law on suspicious people. Deportation for terms up to life was included in the French Criminal Code of 1810. A law of Mar. 23, 1872, defined exile as spending one’s life outside the boundaries of a continent in designated deportation areas. It provided for the establishment of a central deportation camp on the island of Nou and a fortified area (a fortress) on the Ducos Peninsula (New Caledonia). Deportation was used not only against recidivistic criminals but also as a reprisal against revolutionaries (in 1872 captured Communards were sent to islands in New Caledonia).

Deportation should be distinguished from other forms of exile used in France—transportation (forced labor with exile to Guiana or another French territory abroad) and relegation (a supplementary punishment in the form of exile, used for dangerous recidivists after they had served their terms in prisons of metropolitan France). Deportation has not been used since 1880.

deportation

Law
1. the act of expelling an alien from a country; expulsion
2. the act of transporting someone from his country; banishment
References in periodicals archive ?
28, 2019, it had deported 2,731 Syrians who had illegally entered after April 24.
The BI chief issued the mission order that led to the arrest of the foreigner, who will be deported for illegally entering the country.
The occupation authorities then tried to deport him through the border crossing near the city of Aqaba, however the Jordanian authorities refused to allow him to cross after the Israeli authorities left Kharouf in the buffer zone and returned him back to the occupied territories, foiling the Israeli attempts to deport him and bringing him back to Jerusalem to face another legal battle.
In 2013, Dutch citizen Thomas van Beersum was deported after being photographed joining a protest and taunting a crying policeman, while Canadian student Kim Chatillon-Miller was also deported for joining an anti-Sona demonstration.
Three officials are said to be overseeing country's policy on accepting back nationals deported from other countries.
Some 94 people were deported in the 2016-17 US financial year, which begins in October.
Inspector General of Police Tan Sri Mohamed Fuzi Harun yesterday denied news reports from India that Dr Zakir was to be deported.
"Outside the EU, we can take back control of our borders, deport more dangerous criminals, and strengthen public protection.
Jahan had pleaded for not to be deported saying she has spent 30 years in India and her two sons and a daughter are also married here.
"This is not the end of the road," a Home Office statement said, "and the government remains determined to deport Abu Qatada.
Another of Wright's victims also slammed the authorities yesterday for failing to deport him when they had the chance.
Answering an urgent question in the Commons, Theresa May insisted the bail conditions would be very strict and the Government wanted to deport Qatada before the bail expired in three months.