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expulsion of an alienalien,
in law, any person residing in one political community while owing allegiance to another. A procedure known as naturalization permits aliens to become citizens.

Each nation establishes conditions upon which aliens will be admitted, and makes laws concerning them.
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 from a country by an act of its government. The term is not applied ordinarily to sending a national into exileexile,
removal of a national from his or her country, or the civilized parts of it, for a long period of time or for life. Exile may be a forceful expulsion by the government or a voluntary removal by the citizen, sometimes in order to escape punishment.
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 or to committing one convicted of crime to an overseas penal colony (historically called transportation). In international law the right to send an alien to the country to which he or she owes allegiance (or to any country that will accept him or her) derives from a government's sovereigntysovereignty,
supreme authority in a political community. The concept of sovereignty has had a long history of development, and it may be said that every political theorist since Plato has dealt with the notion in some manner, although not always explicitly.
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. In the United States, deportation is the responsibility of the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement of the Dept. of Homeland Security.

Except under the Alien and Sedition ActsAlien and Sedition Acts,
1798, four laws enacted by the Federalist-controlled U.S. Congress, allegedly in response to the hostile actions of the French Revolutionary government on the seas and in the councils of diplomacy (see XYZ Affair), but actually designed to destroy Thomas
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 of 1798 there was no American deportation law until the enactment in 1882 of a statute aimed at certain Chinese immigrants. The class of deportable aliens was subsequently enlarged several times, coming to include persons who before their entry into the United States were insane, feeble-minded, illiterate, or diseased in various ways. Many foreigners suspected of involvement in radical political activity were deported during the "Red Scare" of 1919. The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 removed the statute of limitations on any kind of deportation.

The largest group of deported persons are those who have entered the country illegally. In the 1980s and 1990s expulsion of some of the numerous refugees from such Caribbean countries as Cuba and Haiti raised controversy. A deported alien cannot reenter the United States without special permission from the attorney general.



(also banishment, exile), in law, specific kinds of exile employed in the 18th and 19th centuries in accordance with French criminal laws.

The first deportation of politically unreliable people to Guiana was established by the 1791 law on suspicious people. Deportation for terms up to life was included in the French Criminal Code of 1810. A law of Mar. 23, 1872, defined exile as spending one’s life outside the boundaries of a continent in designated deportation areas. It provided for the establishment of a central deportation camp on the island of Nou and a fortified area (a fortress) on the Ducos Peninsula (New Caledonia). Deportation was used not only against recidivistic criminals but also as a reprisal against revolutionaries (in 1872 captured Communards were sent to islands in New Caledonia).

Deportation should be distinguished from other forms of exile used in France—transportation (forced labor with exile to Guiana or another French territory abroad) and relegation (a supplementary punishment in the form of exile, used for dangerous recidivists after they had served their terms in prisons of metropolitan France). Deportation has not been used since 1880.


1. the act of expelling an alien from a country; expulsion
2. the act of transporting someone from his country; banishment
References in periodicals archive ?
They were attempting to enter in Europe as the Greek boarder security forces have arrested and deported them Lahore', they concluded.
Meanwhile, the worker was charged with offering bribes to the policeman to have his friends [who had been staying illegally in Dubai] caught and deported.
Fears have grown that almost 350,000 Lebanese working and living in the oil-rich Gulf region are in danger of being deported, as a result of a diplomatic row between Lebanon and Gulf countries.
This is not the first time Libya has deported a large number of Egyptians.
From the total of people deported between 2004 and 2008, 533 were European nationals of which 124 were Greek.
However, a further 27 people were deported on special chartered flights organised by Frontex, the European agency responsible for the EU's border security.
The source added that some Kurds enter Turkey formally, with Iraqi passports and Turkish visas, but later, when they are deported, the Turks keep their passports.
You cannot speak the language and you should be deported as you appear already to have been.
Yet in politically correct Britain, we have thousands of foreign offenders in prison who will not get deported as it is against their human rights.
A TERMINALLY-ILL illegal immigrant deported to Africa died hours before learning of plans to bring her back for private treatment.
Mertens points out, Dwight Eisenhower rounded up and deported over 2 million illegals in 1953-54, something Ronald Reagan nullified by giving legal status and citizenship to over 4 million illegals and which George Bush would like to extend to 13 million.
MacDonald's in-depth expose in the January 14 City, Journal, entitled "The Illegal-Alien Crime Wave," notes: "In Los Angeles, for example, dozens of members of a ruthless Salvadoran prison gang have sneaked back into town after having been deported for such crimes as murder, assault with a deadly weapon, and drug trafficking.