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Loss of the sense of the reality of people or objects in one's environment.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a sense of change or unreality in one’s environment that appears in certain mental illnesses (for example, schizophrenia, cyclothymia, epilepsy).

While experiencing derealization, the outside world is perceived as foreign, artificial, changed, and sometimes distant, vague, and dreamlike. Time seems too fast, or else it seems to have stopped. Unfamiliar surroundings seem to have been seen before and, conversely, familiar situations and places seem strange, as though seen for the first time. Derealization is often accompanied by melancholy, fear, and confusion; it is often combined with depersonalization. It is treated by eliminating the primary illness.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Relegating Julia's trauma and loss to the spectral edges of the real, her derealization not only safeguards notions of human exceptionalism by expunging alternative iterations of behavior and embodiment, it becomes its own form of violence, a violence that, despite its destructive and very real impact, remains hidden, rendered spectral by the victim's derealized identity.
The viewer's sense of the world is already derealized. Starship Troopers fascism lies not just in the Federation's government structure or leadership, which can be satirized and reveled in simultaneously, but, as Telotte argues, in the "fascist spirit of control incubated in a derealized environment." (36)--that is, in the fact that viewers may laugh at the Network's manipulations but then believe sincerely in its cause, because the stakes--human existence-are so high, and the film never moves beyond the militaristic narrative promulgated by the Network.
Human relationships are derealized as the subject is continually reproduced and her living body retreats behind so many images.
But encountering a book sliced, severed, nailed to a support, glued tight, bolted to others unopenable like it, or otherwise derealized as reading site always has the aura of the censor and the incendiary about it, the stench of fascism and disempowerment.
Over and against the derealized status of commodified tokens submitted to merchant exchanges, over and against a thirst for property conveyed by the stuttering utterances constituting the discourse of hollow men who cannot fully survive under the onslaught of insecure formulations, the narrative voice insinuates a sense of dogged permanence: that of nature, that of industrial landscapes of meaningless waste (244-5, 663), that of the physical features of the world we live in.
de P, one of the most visible of his Sapphists, is no less an apparition than her fellow prisoners, all identified as practicing Sapphists by Roumagnac, but derealized, to borrow Castle's term, by his narrative.
For Freud, Vidler says, "unhomeliness" was "the fundamental propensity of the familiar to turn on its owners, suddenly to become defamiliarized, derealized."(27) Themes of anxiety and fear connected to a sudden and unexpected transformation of reality are suited, historically speaking, to times of war, the break-up of states and general insecurity.
Scott Romine explains how the Agrarian concept of "place" has been used to constitute the category of "southern" literature and notes that, as the consensus supporting such a concept evaporates, much regional writing has become decadent and derealized. While changing understandings of how spaces constitute identities may prove problematic for literary production, Jon Smith finds them productive within contemporary musical subcultures: in a psychoanalytic reading of white southern masculinity, he argues that ironic uses of conventional regional tropes can be used to disrupt and subvert narcissism.
The reality it depicts is consistently derealized for the
Film audiences temporarily assume a position of perspecuity when they "see through" the delusions of characters victimized by the Kulturindustrie; nevertheless, the scenes' reflexivity ensures that both viewers and characters inhabit the same derealized worlds.
"The gender-crossing of the masochist," he writes, "does not trigger an identical transformation in the woman" (46), but rather, "[t]he woman is derealized by being given a meaning only within the huge and shifting parameters of masculinity" (20).