Dermatoglyphics

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dermatoglyphics

[dər¦mad·ə¦glif·iks]
(anatomy)
The integumentary patterns on the surface of the fingertips, palms, and soles.
The study of these patterns.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dermatoglyphics

 

a branch of human morphology that studies the skin relief of the palms and soles, where the skin is covered with patterns of numerous ridges (papillary lines). Ridges and patterns are also found in simians, lemurs, and certain other mammals. The ridges are linear thickenings both within and on the surface of the epidermis. They begin to develop in the human fetus by the third month, but they do not appear on the surface of the skin until the 18th week. The papillary lines and patterns do not change with age, nor are they affected by surrounding conditions. They exhibit considerable individual variability; many of their particular features are transmitted by heredity.

The results of dermatoglyphics are therefore used widely in criminology, forensic medicine (in cases of disputed paternity), and clinical medicine (for early diagnosis of certain chromosomal diseases). Extensive study of skin patterns has revealed right-left, sexual, and territorial differences, which are used in anthropology, for example, to detect kinship between various human groups and to study the bilateral symmetry of the body. Skin patterns are also used in comparative anatomical studies of man and the primates and in anthropological genetics (familial and twin studies).

REFERENCES

Gladkova, T. D. Kozhnye uzory kisti i stopy obez’ian i cheloveka. Moscow, 1966.
Cummins, H. and C. Midlo. Finger Prints, Palms, and Soles [2nd ed.]. New York, 1961.

T. D. GLADKOVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It can be concluded in qualitative dermatoglyphic analysis that women with reduced number of digital loops tend to develop breast cancer.
Effects of sexual maturation on body composition, dermatoglyphics, somatotype and basic physical qualities of adolescents.
The dermatoglyphic configurations, once printed on a surface, are then called digital fingerprints (17), which are then analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively.
Padmaja, "Finger and palmar dermatoglyphic study among the bondos of Orissa," The Anthropologist, vol.
Tables 1 and 2 present the frequencies of the dermatoglyphic patterns in the 2 groups.
Population characterization and differentiation using dermatoglyphics features like fingerprints have also been considered as a useful marker within the domain of biological anthropology [9, 10].
At the time, morphological perspectives prevailed over variability in certain features such as dental characters and dermatoglyphics. Based on this information he studied the variability between Yanomami, and the Chipaya of Bolivia (Murillo et al.
Conclusion: Dermatoglyphic patterns can be used as a marker to detect the obesity.
For dermatoglyphic traits, high fluctuating asymmetry can be used to infer prenatal stress and instability, which can have an impact on postnatal development and behavior.