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see skinskin,
the flexible tissue (integument) enclosing the body of vertebrate animals. In humans and other mammals, the skin operates a complex organ of numerous structures (sometimes called the integumentary system) serving vital protective and metabolic functions.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(corium, cutis, true skin), the connective-tissue part of the skin in vertebrates and man, located beneath the epidermis.

The dermis is normally more or less loosely connected to the subjacent organs by loose subcutaneous connective tissue, which is often rich in fatty deposits. The dermis consists of two layers. The surface (papillary, spongy, subepithelial) layer functions mainly to nourish the epidermis and its derivatives (glands, feathers, hairs); it is rich in blood vessels, has a relatively loose structure, and, in some animals, forms papillae that project into the epidermis. The layer beneath it (reticular, compact) constitutes most of the dermis. It consists of solid connective tissue and has mainly a supportive function.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


The deep layer of the skin, a dense connective tissue richly supplied with blood vessels, nerves, and sensory organs. Also known as corium; cutis.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pese a la diferencia observada en los resultados de la distribucion de TF entre la epidermis y la dermis (en epidermis se pudo reconocer TF en el 96,875% mientras que en dermis se pudo reconocer en el 87,5%), no se encontro ningun digito que presentara TF diferente entre su registro fisico artificiales de patron papiloscopico epidermico y el registro fisico artificial de patron papiloscopico dermico.
LP pigmentosus showed saw-toothed rete ridges/ irregular acanthosis, vacuolar degeneration of basal layer, band-like infiltrate, melanophages in upper dermis, Civatte bodies, erosion, pigment incontinence, chronic inflammatory infiltrate and perivascular infiltrate.
Thickness of the epidermis and dermis were calculate as micrometers ([micro]m) digitally using Pixera software, image analyzing system (Compix Inc.).
In all cases, the tumour cells were present in the dermis, arranged in nests and fascicles, separated by fibrous septa.
During the same procedure, dermis fat graft, harvested from the left suprapubic area, was used to cover the implant [2].
The dermis graft thus has the advantage of being a viable, low-cost, and acceptable alternative to these patients.
Exact pathogenesis of nevus lipomatosus is not known but several other postulates were proposed such as degenerative changes or adipose metaplasia of dermal collagen and elastic tissue as the cause for the deposition of the adipose tissue within the dermis. [1][2][4][14][6]
Elastin immunoreactivity completely or partially decreased from the papillary dermis to the reticular dermis in all anetoderma lesions compared to controls.
(i) A computer regulates parameter control through a user interface (Figure 1) utilizing Lab VIEW 2010 software to enable the display of collected data, input, the status of the steam generator, valve activation and electrical relay, time exposure, temperatures along the steam circuit, the distance between steam nozzle and dermis, and the depth to which the steam pervaded the skin.
The laser is then used within the superficial layer, slightly below the skin to heat the skin cells with a view to stimulate them to provide extra collagen and elastin thereby enhancing the dermis exceptional within the post therapy period.
Philadelphia, PA, May 13, 2016 --( At MaxAesthetics, RF skin tightening gives clients the option to enhance and renew skin tone and texture by utilizing radio frequency energy to heat the dermis deep beneath the skin's surface.