However, the analysis adopted here is that speakers recognize the regular distribution of these forms across the language and associate the two discriminative inflexional desinences
-on and -n with dative singular functions.
Let us look, for example, to the indicative future, the desinences
of which usually have one r, but can double it due to syncope plus assimilation (e.g.
By disregarding the question of neuter in the gender system, Jakobson allows himself to refer to the zero desinence of Dec11, in singular nominative, as the characteristic representative of this declension since he does not need to consider the neuters with their -o desinence in singular nominative.
Jakobson describes this expression distinction by reference to the nominative singular desinences only; however, on a systemic level it is the contrast between the full set of desinences of Dec11 (singular), excluding the declension of neuters with sg.nom in -o, and the full set of desinences of Dec12 (singular) that constitutes the emic level of expression opposition, see table 2 (cf.
for verbs in -are is the desinence -aro (3 times), but by the mid 14th century this is no longer a contrastive element between Milanese and Tuscan.
One example to represent the whole which she quotes is the 2nd person plural of the present and future indicative which, apart from a few cases, all present the koine desinence in -i, e.g., intendeti, sapeti, hareti, voltareti (38).
plus the person, tense, aspect, and mood desinences
, while the embedded
Structural and lexical aspects of the grammar of desinences
. In Poznan Studies in Contemporary Linguistics, 2012, vol.
Sabdabodhamimamsa: An Inquiry into Indian Theories of Verbal Cognition, part IV: Dhatvakhyatarthavicaratmakah caturtho bhagah--Roots and Verbal Desinences
: Their Significance.
De fait, bien que communement catalogue comme marque de pluriel, de par son fonctionnement, -men se differencie clairement des desinences
de pluriel des langues indo-europeennes.