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Suffixes are morphemes (specific groups of letters with particular semantic meaning) that are added onto the end of root words to change their meaning. Suffixes are one of the two predominant kinds of affixes—the other kind is prefixes, which come at the beginning of a root word.
There is a huge range of suffixes in English, which can be broadly categorized as either inflectional or derivational.
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A designation added to the end of a name. For example, ".com" is the suffix added to commercial domain names on the Internet. See TLD and Internet domain name.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an affix added to the root of a word. Depending on their function, suffixes are derivational (word-forming) or relational (form-building).

In inflected languages, the relational suffix at the end of a word form is called the inflection, or ending. A word may contain several suffixes of both types. For example, the Russian adjective chita-tel’-sk-ii (“reader’s”) has two derivational suffixes (-tel’- and -sk-) and one relational suffix (-ii). Derivational suffixes are classified according to their lexical meaning; relational suffixes are classified according to their grammatical meaning.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, the analysis adopted here is that speakers recognize the regular distribution of these forms across the language and associate the two discriminative inflexional desinences -on and -n with dative singular functions.
Let us look, for example, to the indicative future, the desinences of which usually have one r, but can double it due to syncope plus assimilation (e.g.
By disregarding the question of neuter in the gender system, Jakobson allows himself to refer to the zero desinence of Dec11, in singular nominative, as the characteristic representative of this declension since he does not need to consider the neuters with their -o desinence in singular nominative.
Jakobson describes this expression distinction by reference to the nominative singular desinences only; however, on a systemic level it is the contrast between the full set of desinences of Dec11 (singular), excluding the declension of neuters with sg.nom in -o, and the full set of desinences of Dec12 (singular) that constitutes the emic level of expression opposition, see table 2 (cf.
for verbs in -are is the desinence -aro (3 times), but by the mid 14th century this is no longer a contrastive element between Milanese and Tuscan.
One example to represent the whole which she quotes is the 2nd person plural of the present and future indicative which, apart from a few cases, all present the koine desinence in -i, e.g., intendeti, sapeti, hareti, voltareti (38).
plus the person, tense, aspect, and mood desinences, while the embedded
Structural and lexical aspects of the grammar of desinences. In Poznan Studies in Contemporary Linguistics, 2012, vol.
Sabdabodhamimamsa: An Inquiry into Indian Theories of Verbal Cognition, part IV: Dhatvakhyatarthavicaratmakah caturtho bhagah--Roots and Verbal Desinences: Their Significance.
De fait, bien que communement catalogue comme marque de pluriel, de par son fonctionnement, -men se differencie clairement des desinences de pluriel des langues indo-europeennes.