Desire

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Desire

 

(in psychology), an experience characterized by a more or less conscious notion of intention to accomplish some act (action). The realization of this act is experienced as the satisfaction of the desire. The word “desire” is most often used to mean an emotionally colored attraction toward some object. In this sense there is the connection of desire with feelings, emotions, and affects. Ethics and social psychology regard desire primarily from the viewpoint of its conditioning by social norms and values—in this sense desire is understood as an intention, more correctly as an impulse to achieve some goal, ideal, or daydream.

Desire is one of the most important elements of those psychological states of the personality that anticipate its behavior and activity. It characterizes primarily the motivational and volitional aspect of these states. Therefore, desire is described in psychology not only as an attraction (the emotional aspect) or striving (the value aspect) toward the object of activity but also as the will and intention of carrying out the very process of this activity. Will is understood here as the manifestation of the personality—that is, its volition, while intention is understood as the conscious inducement to realizing the action, which includes consciousness of the need for it.

The development of desire is determined both by the object of desire and the means and conditions of its satisfaction and by the persistence, duration, and strength of the desire itself. Depending on these factors desire may be feasible, unreal, contradictory, reckless, or purposeful. Desires, along with interests and convictions, characterize the conscious attitude of man to his activity.

REFERENCES

Blonskii, P. P. “Psikhologiia zhelaniia.” Voprosy psikhologii, 1965, no. 5.
Rubinshtein, S. L. Osnovy obshchei psikhologii, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1946.

N. L. SATS and I. N. SEMENOV

References in periodicals archive ?
For it is puzzling that Socrates is willing to describe the person in question as desiring bad things (believing that they are good); and then, in the next sentence, describing the same person as desiring good things.
The struggle, in short, is not started to win dominance for individual self-conception in the face of a rival's existential challenge, but to demonstrate the universality of free being-for-self necessarily presupposed by and in all desiring agents.
Here Goldberg usefully presents the poem as neither a ventriloquist poem in a woman's voice nor a poem authored by a woman, but a poem in which Surrey himself represents male-male desire, even while he "articulates a position for women as desiring subjects" (158).
Though there is much talk in the economic literature of the "creation" of desiring consumers, it may be precisely with respect to this desire that theology has something to contribute to an understanding of this theocapitalist desiring self.
As a black gay man expected to perform in a number of publicly prescribed ways, the narrator here feels the necessity of keeping his desiring black body safely in the closet--or, in Cullen's case, safely encased within his ill-fitting suits and Phi Beta Kappa Key--unstripped, unrevealed, and writhing on his bed of lies.
In each case, narrative offers people the same sort of marvelous possibility through its desiring words, a possibility that the narrator of "The Many Tenses of Wanting" formulates to her companion in the following manner: "You see--I expect wonders of another sort from you, from us; yes: our minds will catch fire" (94).
However, given this conception of desires, one just does not count as desiring something unless one is disposed to take what one believes to be the necessary means to it.
Because of these rules, an individual desiring to use a QSST must establish a separate trust for each beneficiary.
When we describe the intrinsic character of my life in world A, we ought to include the fact that in that world I bear the desiring relation to the true state of affairs the number of atoms in the universe is prime.
Have been taught to want" (22)--Ursa is yet unaware of how the rest of her desiring function is also fraught with the weight of the past.
We are made up of such desire, and we are at bottom very affirmative, affirming this future, desiring it, hoping and having faith.