despot

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despot

1. Politics an absolute or tyrannical ruler; autocrat or tyrant
2. History a title borne by numerous persons of rank in the later Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman Empires
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
He currently is working on a collection of essays on Machiavelli's Prince and revising a long article on the modern rehabilitation of the despotical character of Hobbes's thought.
Thus, if the two streams of popular movements mentioned above chart a particular course through history, one which was eventually to lead to Western civilisation, the Jewish-Greek-Christian and later European sphere, that of the implicit popular project and particularly popular revolt is one we might rather call planetary, even though it was restricted to civilisations (not including the so-called "primitive" cultures) which instituted forms of oppressive and despotical power.
Its council 'can command obedience only by the military force with which they are accompanied, and their government is necessarily military and despotical'.