despot

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despot

1. Politics an absolute or tyrannical ruler; autocrat or tyrant
2. History a title borne by numerous persons of rank in the later Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman Empires
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in classic literature ?
There are three kinds of despots. There is the despot who tyrannises over the body.
Despotism is unjust to everybody, including the despot, who was probably made for better things.
When I have been travelling up and down on our boats, or about on my collecting tours, and reflected that every brutal, disgusting, mean, low-lived fellow I met, was allowed by our laws to become absolute despot of as many men, women and children, as he could cheat, steal, or gamble money enough to buy,--when I have seen such men in actual ownership of helpless children, of young girls and women,--I have been ready to curse my country, to curse the human race!"
My mother never could endure him, nor I; but he obtained an entire ascendency over my father; and this man was the absolute despot of the estate.
My works showed what a despot could do with the resources of a kingdom at his command.
Then Robespierre was beheaded for being a despot. Who is right and who is wrong?
There was hardly any sort of bloodshed which I would not pardon in those days to the slayers of tyrants; and the swagger form of such as despatched a despot with a fine speech was so much to my liking that I could only grieve that I was born too late to do and to say those things.
Yet all that was visible of the despot who ruled his whole household in deadly fear was the kindly and beautiful face of an elderly man, whose stunted limbs and body were mercifully concealed.
For a few days, I said, he seemed regardless of the puny successor to the departed: that coldness melted as fast as snow in April, and ere the tiny thing could stammer a word or totter a step it wielded a despot's sceptre in his heart.
As if a benevolent despot might not by any error of judgment destroy his kingdom, and then say, like Romeo when he got his friend killed,
I meant to say, in short, that though you are benevolent and judicious you are none the less a despot."
In a few months he gave up the task, and little more than a year later the people who had wept at the death of the great Protector, were madly rejoicing at the return of a despot.