Use of oxalic acid to control Varroa destructor
in honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies.
different synthetic acaricides are being used worldwide such as amitraz, coumaphos, flumethrin and fluvalianate (Floris et al., 2001; Eguaras et al., 2003).
and to honey bee workers and larvae was similar to that of anethole.
In 2013, Ghalem et al used four essential oils of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), mint (Mentha viridis), laurel (Laurusnobilis) and thyme (Tymus pubescens) against Varroa destructor
in the North African bee Apis mellifera intermissa.
Removal of brood cells invaded by mites interrupts the reproductive cycle of Varroa destructor
, prolongs its phoretic phase or kills the parasite (Zakar et al., 2014).
Korean haplotype is distributed in all beekeeping areas within Saudi Arabia; results also indicated that relative infestation levels may reach higher levels within few months without Varroa treatment.
Caption: In addition to neonicotinoids, which compromise bees' immune systems, Varroa destructor
mites are a significant factor in bee die-offs, according to Simon Fraser University biologist and bee expert Mark Winston.
While the grooming behavior of the bees is an important factor in the population dynamics of the mite Varroa destructor
in Africanized honey bees, it may not be as effective against individuals of T.
mite (ANDERSON; TRUEMAN, 2000) is the ectoparasite that causes the greatest damage to beekeeping worldwide.