detritivore


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detritivore

[di′trid·ə‚vȯr]
(ecology)
An organism that consumes dead organic matter.
References in periodicals archive ?
Elmidae are detritivores, and were associated with the phytotelmata of bamboo and of floral bracts of palm trees in Venezuela (Sanchez & Liria 2009).
They are known to be primary consumers, predators, parasites, and important food sources for many other organisms of higher food webs, and they have the capacity to alter rates and directions of energy and matter fluxes (e.g., as herbivores, pollinators, detritivores, and predators) [5].
As a detritivore, it burrows in the top 1-2 cm of sediments and mostly feeds on organic material that settles from overlying waters.
As recommended by Simon & Lyons (1995) and Karr & Chu (1999), metrics that related to species richness and composition (number of native, minnow, sucker, and sunfish species), indicator species (sensitive species, % tolerant species, % pioneer species), trophic function (% insectivores, % detritivores, % carnivores), reproductive function (% lithophils), abundance (CPUE), and fish condition (% DELT).
Thus, widely accepted linkages exist between detritivores, detritus, and detritus processing in streams (Fisher and Likens 1973, Cummins 1974, Hynes 1975, Anderson and Sedell 1979, Webster and Benfield 1986, Cushing et al.
The following were determined for each species: the developmental mode (whether larvae were planktotrophic, lecithotrophic, facultative planktotrophic, or poecilogonous), major taxonomic clade, geographic range, habitat types (e.g., subtidal or intertidal zone), and trophic type (detritivore, herbivore, predator, scavenger, and suspension feeder).
(2012) have conducted a worldwide study and highlighted that climate change altered stream detritivore distribution in tropical streams.
Detritivore Curculionidae Metamasius hemipterus Z Herbivore Curculionidae sp.1 .
This species is described as a predatory detritivore with an omnivore diet (Andrade & Baez, 1980), while in its larval stage; the diet is mainly based on phyto and zooplankton.
In this analytical setting, EFB application clearly boosted the numbers of the soil engineer group over the 2-year study, with the detritivore and herbivore groups being temporarily enhanced during the first 6 months, whereas the predator group was virtually unaffected.