Another factor which developed distance
between the two countries was Indo-Soviet Union 'Treaty of Friendship' which strengthened India's defence and anti- Pakistan policy in region destabilize Pakistan and greater Afghanistan.
The Statute also required by law that universities that design online courses also establish distance education centers and to submit all newly developed distance
courses for approval through their various University Senates.
Fitzpatrick developed distance
learning strategies and clinical simulation initiatives with a focus on scholarship and research.
It is against this background that UWI developed distance
education (DE) initiatives to help level the playing field and facilitate increased access to tertiary education by noncampus countries of the OECS (OECS, 2013).
These were divided into four categories: programs that were actively delivering developed distance
education courses, those that were developing them but not delivering any, those who were considering this but not active at the time, and programs who were not considering distance education in any capacity.
Electronic file courses and tutorials derived from carefully developed distance
education materials are new, as are the "guided tour" through hypertext and hypermedia, in which the "guide" not only determines the path, but also the type and number of "objects" that are to be "visited" (Holmberg, 2003).
Dean of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Dr Mike Klag explained that Johns Hopkins had developed distance
learning programmes over many years to meet demand around the world.
She has developed distance
learning courses and teaches technical and professional communication online.
Human cultures developed distance
communication technologies long before the current electronic era.
At the same time, some of the universities developed distance
education to help teachers enhance their qualifications (Evans, 1995).