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dew point:see dewdew,
thin film of water that has condensed on the surface of objects near the ground. Dew forms when radiational cooling of these objects during the nighttime hours also cools the shallow layer of overlying air in contact with them, causing the condensation of some water vapor.
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the temperature at which air becomes saturated by water vapor when cooled at a given moisture content and a constant pressure. The condensation of water vapor begins when the dew point is reached in the air or on objects in contact with the air.
The dew point is one of the major characteristics of humidity and can be calculated from the temperature and humidity of the air or determined directly with a condensation hygrometer. If the relative humidity is less than 100 percent, the dew point is always less than the actual air temperature. The dew point decreases with decreasing relative humidity.
At saturation, that is, at a relative humidity of 100 percent, the actual temperature coincides with the dew point. Thus, at a temperature of 15°C, the relative humidities of 100, 80, 60, and 40 percent correspond to the dew points of 15.0°, 11.6°, 7.3°, and 1.5°C, respectively.