diamond-anvil cell

diamond-anvil cell

[¦dī·mənd ¦an·vəl ‚sel]
(engineering)
A device for generating an extremely high pressure in a sample that is sandwiched between two diamond anvils to which forces are applied.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bassett, "Experimental determination of isochores of H2O in a diamond-anvil cell up to 1200 MPa and 860[degrees]C with preliminary results in the NaCl-H2O system," in Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Hydrothermal Reactions, pp.
The experimental research will combine solubility studies at 100-250C with hydrothermal diamond-anvil cell experiments up to 600 and synchrotron X-ray spectroscopy.
The team used a diamond-anvil cell to bring the noble gases helium, neon, argon, and xenon to more than 100,000 times the pressure of Earth's atmosphere (15-52 gigapascals), and used a laser to heat them to temperatures ranging up to 50,000 degrees Fahrenheit (about 28,000 degrees Kelvin).
We generated the high pressure by using a symmetrical diamond-anvil cell, equipped with two diamonds anvils (culet face diameter: 500 [micro]m) and tungsten-carbide supports.
Vogt reported that the result is counter-intuitive in that the pressure--applied hydrostatically in a diamond-anvil cell and typically exceeding 1 GPa (more than 10,000 atmospheres)--can cause the cavities within natrolite to expand in volume.
The effect of pressure on partitioning of Ni and Co between silicate and iron-rich metal liquids; a diamond-anvil cell study.
They combined ingredients for this so-called abiotic synthesis of methane, the main ingredient in natural gas, in a diamond-anvil cell and monitored in-situ the progress of the reaction.
Eugene Gregoryanz of the Carnegie Institution of Washington (D.C.) and his colleagues loaded a microscopic sample of solid sodium into a diamond-anvil cell, a viselike device capable of generating extreme pressure.
Piermarini, An Optical Fluorescence System for Quantitative Pressure Measurement in the Diamond-Anvil Cell, Rev.
First, they injected a small sample of nitrogen gas into a disk-shaped chamber inside a diamond-anvil cell.
The team's pressure-based technique involves a diamond-anvil cell that can subject materials to pressures thousands or even millions of times greater than external atmospheric pressures.