Dichasium

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dichasium

[dī′kā·zhē·əm]
(botany)
A cyme producing two main axes from the primary axis or shoot.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dichasium

 

the inflorescence in plants of the cymose type. The primary axis in dichasium ends in a single apical flower. From the two opposite axils under that flower two lateral branches develop that exceed the primary axis in height and also end in flowers, which blossom later. On each of them in turn, two more lateral branches develop that overtake them in height and end in apical flowers, which blossom still later, and the process continues. Dichasium is typical for many plants of the family Caryophyllaceae and others. Sometimes branching and growth in dichasium is disturbed somewhat and inflorescences form that outwardly do not resemble dichasium (as in so-called false whorls in plants of the family Labiatae).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.