Articles were then scored dichotomously
for text language (English or no-English), lead author institution (from lingua franca or non-lingua franca country), and study style (empirical or non-empirical).
The control variable Industry--Industrials is also measured dichotomously
Moreover, if mean value is reported for dummy-coded dichotomously
scored nominal variable (Male = 0 and Female = 1), value should not be interpreted as a measure of central tendency, but (assuming complete data) as proportion of females in a study sample, with a value > .
Thus, although respondents are given more options from which to choose, their answers are scored dichotomously
to mirror the scoring methodology of Part I.
Likewise, a difference in the proportions of "always" and "usually" responses was identified between two elements related to the university course object that were dichotomously
classified as central: "dedication" (SVP = .
branched usually in one plane, with rounded apices.
Item responses are dichotomously
coded (yes/no) whether dialysis initiation was perceived as traumatic, peritraumatic dissociation occurred, and whether partial or full DSM-IV-TR PTSD criteria were met.
For each case, these predictions were then dichotomously
separated into whether they were correct when compared to the actual survival of the case study's patient.
The relation between religious nationalism and pan-Islamism is left untouched, creating a gap in the analysis of the party's leaders' ideological milieu: Masjumi's leadership remains dichotomously
identified as spearheading nationalism in the anti-colonial struggle, and opposed to the 'nationalists' in the post-independence years.
of dispositions as either commitments or actions limits the power of the construct by overly categorizing the interconnected dynamic of knowing, doing, believing, and caring in teaching.
Another independent variable, entrepreneurial education, was measured dichotomously
, with 1 denoting a bachelor's degree or higher and 0 denoting no college degree.
Prior research has measured female board representation dichotomously
, coding 1 for firms with at least one woman on the board and 0 for firms without a woman on the board (Hillman et al.