The smaller particles increase breakdown strength, and the larger particles increase the dielectric constant
. An example consisted of polyvinylidene difluoride containing 5 to 10 nm silica particles and 75 nm barium titanate particles.
The dielectric constant
(relative permittivity), E, is another parameter that can be used in such analysis, as well as for other purposes.
Analysis of the Backscattering Coefficient of the Laboratory Dielectric Constant
. The dielectric constants
of samples were measured using an Agilent 83630A PNA Analyzer.
In this paper, we introduce the effect of curvature of a conformed circular microstrip printed antenna on the effective dielectric constant
, resonance frequency, input impedance, voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR), return loss ([S.sub.11]), quality factor, and bandwidth of such antenna.
where [v.sub.m] and [v.sub.p] are the volume fractions of the solid material and voids (air), respectively, and [[epsilon].sub.m] and [[epsilon].sub.p] are the corresponding dielectric constants
for these components.
If a wider bandwidth is required, a dielectric resonator with a lower dielectric constant
can be used.
In (5), only terms [[tau].sub.mat] and GP are dependent on properties of material products near or in contact with tags; e.g., their dielectric constants
, sizes and shapes, in a complicated fashion.
(2005), Variable dielectric constants
by structured porosity for passive ceramic components, Digest of 2005 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium, pp.
For the purpose of validation, a series of solvents with known relative dielectric constants
listed in Table 1 were used.
The impact of the propagation velocity between the pairs within the differential transmission line as shown in Equation 5 is an interaction between the fundamental signal frequency, length of the transmission line, and the difference in effective dielectric constants
of the two traces forming the transmission line.
In less dense woods, there are fewer polar groups, which means that the dielectric constants
of less dense woods are lower that those of denser woods.
Therefore, numerous alternate dielectrics (e.g., Zr[O.sub.2], Hf[O.sub.2], Hf or Zr silicates, [La.sub.2][O.sub.3]) with dielectric constants
greater than Si[O.sub.2] recently have been under intense investigation.