differend

differend

‘a case of conflict, between (at least) two parties, that cannot be equitably resolved for lack of judgement applicable to both arguments’ (J. LYOTARD, The Differend – Phrases in Dispute, 1983). Lyotard's concept is intended to indicate important aspects of the relationship between language and knowledge. As a POSTMODERN theorist, Lyotard is particularly concerned to show that science is now merely one amongst many ways of understanding the world (see also PERFORMATIVITY). If this levelling of knowledge claims is accepted, a choice presents itself: either one searches for some means of theorizing ways to arbitrate between claims (compare HABERMAS), or else the attempt to find stable and applicable criteria is abandoned. The concept of the differend and, indeed, Lyotard's work in general proceeds in the latter direction. Differends are thus associated with the divergences and disagreements that follow when two (or more) different DISCOURSE(S) or LANGUAGE GAME(S) meet, alhough differends are not, strictly speaking, these discourses themselves. Rather, a differend can be thought to have at least two sides, giving rise to two (or more) discourses. It follows that in each game there are pertinent (but not necessary) ways to proceed and, further, that new games (and thus new differends) will emerge. Such formulations should not be seen as suggesting that Lyotard propounds a framework or theory of language games per se. This would run the risk of producing a GRAND NARRATIVE, or, at least, would suggest that there is some external point beyond language. Both of these consequences would create serious tensions in relation to other major aspects of Lyotard's work. In exploring the highly contingent and incidental nature of language and phrases, Lyotard's concept of the differend reminds sociologists that conflict may be unavoidable and that states of equilibrium or stability may not endure. See also PAGANISM, INCOMMENSURABILITY
References in periodicals archive ?
Le differend entre Ayara et Rjeb aurait eclate des les premiers jours de leurs investitures respectives.
Les sentences du Cirdi sont en effet definitives et ont force obligatoire a l'egard des parties au differend mais peuvent faire l'objet de recours post-sentence limites en cas d'erreur materiel ou de calcul ou si une partie estime que le tribunal a omis de se prononcer sur une question dans la sentence et demande a cet effet qu'une decision supplementaire soit rendue par le meme tribunal.
Jamais un Secretaire general de l'ONU n'a outrepasse ou travesti les termes definis par le Conseil de securite pour parler du differend autour du Sahara Marocain.
Il y a 150 ans, les chefs de ces nations s'etaient engages dans un differend territorial afin de defendre leurs terres et leur peuple.
Le Souverain a indique que quelle que soit la portee de ce differend, cela ne saurait justifier par exemple la persistance de la fermeture des frontieres, notant que la situation a atteint un seuil que le citoyen maghrebin ne comprend ni n'accepte.
La presidence de la Republique a dementi, dans un communique, tout differend entre le president de la Republique, Moncef Marzouki et le ministre de la justice, des droits de l'homme et de la justice transitionnelle Hafedh Ben Salah, au sujet de la liberation des deux diplomates tunisiens qui etaient en otage en Libye.
Des scenes de chaos sont regrettablement reperables partout en Egypte apres que les pro-Morsi ont decide de transformer le differend politique en une vraie guerre contre l'Etat egyptien.
The Algerian novel and colonial discourse; witnessing to a differend.
Here Lyotard takes a Wittgensteinian philosophy of phrases and maps it on to the Kantian faculties in order to think through issues of difference and justice, in so doing illuminating his own notions of dissensus and the differend.
I also attempt to put this potential conflict into a frame that may elucidate the reasons for their disconnect, using Lyotard's well-known attempt at establishing an order of postmodern ethics: The Differend, as well as approaches to trauma and memory suggested by Derrida.
Indeed, Minima Memoria is also quite limited in its focus on Lyotard's later works, with particular emphasis on what Gerald Sfez calls 'a second philosophy of the differend' (89) which emerged in writings after the book Le differend (1983).
Lyotard's formidable book The Differend is largely organized around this issue.