differential capacitance


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differential capacitance

[‚dif·ə′ren·chəl kə′pas·əd·əns]
(electronics)
The derivative with respect to voltage of a charge characteristic, such as an alternating charge characteristic or a mean charge characteristic, at a given point on the characteristic.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
This early model predicted a constant differential capacitance value dependent on the permittivity of the electrolyte solution [[epsilon].sub.e] and the thickness of the double layer d but independent of the surface charge density.
In what follows, we analyze the BMCSL theory predictions on the electric double layer structure and its differential capacitance (e.g., the variation of the surface charge density with the electric potential drop across the DEDL).
While this difference shown in Figure 6 appears to be small, it leads to important consequences for the differential capacitance of the diffuse double layer:
Electrodes were polished manually and electrochemically, followed by measurement of their roughness factor r from differential capacitance under 1 mM NaF [29, 30].
The thickness of PMPMS films was estimated from the differential capacitance per area, [C.sub.d], measured with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS).
Levicky, "X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and differential capacitance study of thiol-functional polysiloxane films on gold supports," Langmuir, vol.
SCM uses a metalized probe tip to bias the semiconductor in the depletion mode and to measure the differential capacitance between the probe and the semiconductor material as a function of the bias voltage [5-9] (see Fig.
The algorithm uses the doping sensitivity functions of the differential capacitance and uses a gradient-based iterative method to compute the locations of dopants from the experimental C-V curves.
For single-ended applications, the desired output is proportional to the absolute value of capacitance, whereas for differential capacitance, the sensor consists of two capacitors that vary ratiometrically as the sensed quantity changes.
MEMS accelerometers generally operate on a deflection principle, in which a mass deflects closer to or away from an electrode, causing a differential capacitance, he said.
The resulting relationships between electrostatic potential and surface energy (electrocapillary curves), surface charge, and differential capacitance are completely consistent with the traditional sharp-interface models of electrochemical interfaces.
Typical pressure sensor technologies include differential capacitance, piezoresistive or resonant silicon.
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