capacity

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capacity

1. a measure of the electrical output of a piece of apparatus such as a motor, generator, or accumulator
2. Electronics a former name for capacitance
3. Computing
a. the number of words or characters that can be stored in a particular storage device
b. the range of numbers that can be processed in a register
4. the bit rate that a communication channel or other system can carry
5. legal competence
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

capacity

[kə′pas·əd·ē]
(analytical chemistry)
In chromatography, a measurement used in ion-exchange systems to express the adsorption ability of the ion-exchange materials.
(computer science)
(electricity)
(science and technology)
Volume, especially in reference to merchandise or containers thereof.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

capacity

2. The volume contained in a vessel.
3. The maximum or minimum water flow obtainable under given conditions (e.g., specified conditions of pressure, temperature, and velocity).
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

capacity

As it pertains to airports, it is the ability of an airport to handle a given volume of traffic. It is a limit that cannot be exceeded without incurring an operational penalty.
An Illustrated Dictionary of Aviation Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

capacity

(communications)
The maximum possible data transfer rate of a communications channel under ideal conditions. The total capacity of a channel may be shared between several independent data streams using some kind of multiplexing, in which case, each stream's data rate may be limited to a fixed fraction of the total capacity.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

capacity

With regard to computer and information systems, capacity refers to the storage and transaction processing capability of computer systems, the network and/or the datacenter. See capacity-on-demand and storage capacity.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
FVC = forced vital capacity; FEV1 = forced expiratory volume in 1 s; TLC = total lung capacity; RV = residual volume; DLco = diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide; Sp[O.sub.2] = arterial oxygen saturation measured by pulse oximetry; A-aD[O.sub.2] = alveolar-arterial oxygen difference; ANA = antinuclear antibody; KL-6 = Krebs von den Lungen- 6; SP = surfactant protein; GAP = (gender (G), age (A), and two lung physiology variables (P) (FVC and DLco)).
Lack of improvement of lung diffusing capacity following fluid withdrawal by ultrafiltration in chronic heart failure.
[SIII.sub.N2]: phase III slope of the nitrogen single-breath washout; FVC: forced vital capacity; [FEV.sub.1] forced expiratory volume in 1 s; DLco: diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide; TLC: total lung capacity; RV: residual volume; MIP: maximal inspiratory pressure; MEP: maximal expiratory pressure; CV-VC: closing volume-vital capacity; 6MWD: 6min walking distance; Sp[O.sub.2]: peripheral oxygen saturation.
FVC: forced vital capacity; [FEV.sub.1]: forced expiratory volume in 1 second; [D.sub.L,CO]: diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide; IL-6: interleukin 6; CRP: C-reactive protein; MMP-9: matrix metalloproteinase-9; N.A: not assessed.
(4) More advanced disease can present with pulmonary hypertension, cor pulmonale, pulmonary function tests (PFTs) indicative of mixed obstructive, restrictive process and low carbon monoxide diffusing capacity (DLCO).4,5 A uniquely identifying clinical feature of this condition is the propensity of these patients for developing recurrent or bilateral pneumothoraces.
Pulmonary function tests may be normal in mild cases but generally there is restrictive ventilatory defect with reduced diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO).
(1) Most patients demonstrate impaired gas exchange, as evidenced by low oxygen-haemoglobin saturation at rest or on exercise; hypoxaemia on arterial blood gas sampling; or impaired diffusing capacity (DLCO).
Diaz et al., "Single-breath diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide: a predictor of Pa[O.sup.2], maximum work rate, and walking distance in patients with emphysema," Chest, vol.
In addition, higher levels of seven or more ACPAs were significantly more common in patients with evidence of restriction on a pulmonary function test and/or decreased results on a diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide test compared with those without ILD (39% vs.
Of all the tests in the pulmonary function laboratory, the single breath diffusing capacity using carbon monoxide, DLCO, is the test most prone to inter and intra laboratory error and variation due to both faulty technologist technique and to general difficulties and complexities in measurement.
Pulmonary function was assessed with the postbronchodilator [FEV.sub.1] percent predicted, residual volume (RV)/total lung capacity (TLC) ratio, and the single-breath diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) percent predicted [15].
(1975) Smoking and pulmonary diffusing capacity. Scandinavian Journal of Respiratory Diseases 56, 165-83.