digital radio

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digital radio,

audio broadcastingbroadcasting,
transmission, usually using radio frequencies, of sound or images to a large number of radio or television receivers. In the United States the first regularly scheduled radio broadcasts began in 1920 at 8XK (later KDKA) in Pittsburgh.
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 in which an analog audio signal is converted into a digital signal before being transmitted; also known as digital audio broadcasting (DAB) and high-definition radio. Digital radio reception is virtually free of static and fading, pops, and hisses; overall, adjacent stations do not interfere within one another, audio clarity and volume are improved, and weather, noise, and other interference cease to be a factor. Digital radio can be land based (or terrestrial) or transmitted via satellite. In either case, a special receiver is required to decode the multiplexed signal; the receiver may contain a small display that provides information about the audio content (such as the name of the artist or title of the music).

The land-based technology was first deployed in Great Britain in 1995, and has since become established throughout Europe. The first satellite-based digital radio system was WorldSpace, which orbited the first of its three geostationary earth orbit (GEO) satellites, AfriStar, in 1998. Each satellite transmits three overlapping signal beams carrying more than 40 channels of programming; most of world (except mainly North America and Australia) is covered. The first satellite-based system to provide a mobile subscription digital radio service covering the United States was XM Satellite Radio, which orbited two GEO satellites in 2001. In a satellite-based system, ground stations transmit digital signals to the satellites, which retransmit them directly to radio receivers on the ground. The receivers unscramble the signal, which may contain more than 100 channels of digital audio. In metropolitan areas where tall buildings, overpasses, and other obstacles can interfere with the signals when, for example, the receiver is in a moving vehicle, a network of ground-based repeaters retransmit the signals. The receiver also buffers the signal briefly so that if it loses the satellite signal it can use one from a repeater to maintain a continuous broadcast. Sirius Satellite Radio, which began national service to the United States in 2002, launched three satellites in inclined elliptical orbits instead of GEO satellites. Sirius and XM merged in 2008, forming Sirius XM, which operates three satellite radio services.

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digital radio

[¦dij·əl·əl ′rād·ē·ō]
The microwave transmission of digital signals through space or the atmosphere.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

digital radio

Transmitting audio over the air in digital format. See HD Radio, DAB, satellite radio and digital audio.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Silicon Labs' hybrid SDR technology includes advanced DSP-based automotive features such as Maximal Ratio Combining (MRC), Digital Automatic Gain Control (AGC), Digital Radio Fast Detect and Dynamic Zero-IF (ZIF) I/Q.
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According to the official UK governing body, Digital Radio UK, on average most listeners will be able to receive 20 more stations in addition to their FM favourites.
Founder Paul Cambell, who set up the station in June 2009 said: "We've loved being on digital radio in the UK and will keep expanding globally, but unfortunately we just couldn't agree terms with Digital One.
Digital Radio products with innovative designs and we are proud to introduce it
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BMW Australia aims to become the first car manufacturer in the continent to provide DAB+ digital radio facilities in their vehicles from May 2011.
I'VE got a DAB digital radio downstairs and an analogue FM one in the bathroom.

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