hyponatremia

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Related to dilutional hyponatremia: Water intoxication

hyponatremia

[‚hī·pə·nə′trē·mē·ə]
(medicine)
Subnormal or reduced blood sodium levels.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Table One for these and other examples of fluid distribution.) Free water combined with nonosmotic secretion of ADH will reduce the ability of the kidneys to excrete the excess water and dilutional hyponatremia can ensue.
All patients had dilutional hyponatremia with serum sodium concentrations between 115 and 132 mEq/L.
Dilutional hyponatremia is treated by water restriction of 600 to 1,000 ml/day (Huether 1994; Kokko, 2000), bedrest to increase venous return, and correction of the primary disorder (McSweeney, 2000).
The fundamental pathology in the TURP syndrome is volume overload and dilutional hyponatremia. The appropriate treatment consists of supportive care, fluid restriction, and diuretics.
Hyponatremia is associated with fluid retention (dilutional hyponatremia), and osmolality is usually reduced.
The result of action of these mechanisms is sodium and water retention and dilutional hyponatremia.
After acute intoxication of water a dilutional hyponatremia is also occurs, which leads to serious complications (even leads to death) on heart or brain.
Fluid administration combined with desmopressin therapy must be managed carefully to avoid the complication of dilutional hyponatremia or water intoxication (excess electrolyte-free water) (Bohn, Davids, Friedman, & Halperin, 2005; Taylor & Durward, 2004).