A simple Lu-CL reaction with bovine serum albumin (BSA) has been used for the determination of roxithromycin , clarithromycin , diphacinone
, diacerein  and trichlorofon (synthesizing molecularly imprinted polymer as an adsorbent) .The Lu-CL reaction with sulfobutylether-[beta]-cyclodextrin(SEB-[beta]-CD) has been employed for the detection of perhenazine  and clozapine .
Two first generation anticoagulant rodenticide products, Rozol[R] Prairie Dog Bait (0.005% chlorophacinone active ingredient; 2-[(p-chlorophenyl) phenylacetyl]-l,3-indandione, hereafter Rozol[R]) and Kaput-D[R] Prairie Dog Bait (0.005% diphacinone
active ingredient; 2-diphenylacetyl-l,3-indandione,) are registered for BTPD control October 1-March 15 in 10 states.
These include the ingredients diphacinone
, warfarin, bromadiolone and others.
Acute toxicity of diphacinone
in northern bobwhite: effects on survival and blood clotting.
Second-generation products such as brodifacoum, difethialone and bromadiolone are more toxic than first-generation products such as warfarin, diphacinone
and chlorophacinone, and can kill a rodent after just one dose, and within 48 hours.
Examples of pesticide active ingredients responsible for poisoning Organophosphates Methyl parathion Ethal parathion Malathion Diazinon Fenthion Dichlorvos Chlorpyrifos Trichlorfon Anticoagulants Brodifacoum Difethialone Chlorofacinone Coumachlor Difenacoum Diphacinone
Warfarin Pyrethroids Allethrin Bifenthrin Cypermeter Permethrin Deltamethrin Organochlorines Lindane (lice shampoo) Carbamates Aldicarb Carbofuran Oxamyl Methomyl Formetanate Methiocarb Aminocarb Mecarbam Bendiocarb Propoxur Herbicides Glysophate Atrazine Nicosulfuran Fenoxaprop Alachlor Pendimethalin Halosulfuran-methyl Paraquat Triclopyr Clopyralid Picloram N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide (DEET- mosquito repellent)
The most common poisonous ingredients are brodifcoum, diphacinone
, warfarin, and bromadiolone.
Most grape-growers have the following chemicals available: Diphacinone
, an anticoagulant that is a chronic toxicant, Strychnine, an acute toxicant, Aluminum Phosphide, a fumigant, Zinc Phosphide, an acute toxicant and smoke cartridges.
Following the initial survey, teams from the city Department of Housing treated all infested properties in the intervention areas, first with tracking powders containing bromodiolone (3-[3-(4[prime]-bromo [1,1[prime]-biphenyl]-4-yl)- 3-hydroxy-1-phenylpropyl]-4-hydroxy-2H-1-benzopyran-2-1), bromethalin (n-methyl-2, 4-dinitro-n-(2,4,6-tribromophenyl) -6-(trifluoromethyl)benzenamine), and diphacinone
All data requirements have been met for 144 compounds, including diphacinone
and formaldehyde, which were in danger of suspension earlier this year.
Chlorophacinone and diphacinone
are chronic toxicants, meaning multiple feedings are required to achieve mortality.