diploid cell


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to diploid cell: human diploid cell vaccine

diploid cell:

see meiosismeiosis
, process of nuclear division in a living cell by which the number of chromosomes is reduced to half the original number. Meiosis occurs only in the process of gametogenesis, i.e., when the gametes, or sex cells (ovum and sperm), are being formed.
..... Click the link for more information.
.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
To account for this heterogeneity and facilitate accurate comparison with normal diploid cells, the number of exchanges visualised per metaphase spread was normalised for a diploid (2m) karyotype by multiplying observed SCE by 46 and then dividing by the observed chromosome number.
These factors would establish quadripolarity and promote sporoderm wall deposition on spores, or at least spore domains, as opposed to surrounding the entire diploid cell. We further suggest that the pre-meiotic system of microtubule bands involved in precocious quadrilobing of the sporocyte cytoplasm may have evolved in early land plants and was (Brown & Lemmon, 2011a) transmitted to the later evolving sporophyte generation as a mechanism for control of division polarity in vegetative growth.
Then they submit a group paper summarizing what they learned from viewing the cells and how the HeLa cells are different from normal, diploid cells.
The recommendation calls for reduction in the number of postexposure doses of human diploid cell vaccine (HDCV) or purified chick embryo cell vaccine (PCECV) from five to four doses, with the first dose of 1 mL to be given intramuscularly as soon as possible after exposure (day 0) and subsequent doses to be given on days 3, 7, and 14 after the first dose except in people with immune suppression, who should continue to receive the five-dose regimen with the fifth dose given on day 28.
The only prior reports on glutamine replacement with glutamate have been studied on the human diploid cell lines[31], reported that the replacement of glutamine with glutamate will increase the cell growth and productivity.
The vaccine was replaced by the first modem cell culture rabies vaccine, the Human Diploid Cell strain Vaccine (HDCV) in 1978 in USA.
Meiosis produces haploid cells and forms a diploid cell. The fusion (fertilization) of two haploid cells produces a new, single-celled zygote with a unique combination of genes.
Griffiths, "The Effect of Insulin on the Growth and Metabolism of Human Diploid Cell, WI-38," J.
Hayflick, L., and Moorhead, P.S., "The Serial Cultivation of Human Diploid Cell Strains," Experimental Cell Research 25:585-621, 1961.
Theoretically, the sensitivity could not be higher because, in a 100% homozygous mutant sample, a starting amount of 100 ng of genomic DNA would contain ~34 000 copies (based on a typical amount of 6 pg of DNA per diploid cell) of [JAK2.sup.V617F] mutant allele, and a diluted sample containing 0.01% of this mutant gene would theoretically represent ~3 copies of the target sequence.
Prokaryotic microorganisms, such as yeasts, which are 200 times smaller than a human diploid cell, as well as bacteria, protozoa, algae, and molds, might also be measured by flow cytometry.
Concomitant use of human disploid cell vaccine (HDCV) or rhesus diploid cell vaccine, rabies, vaccine absorbed (RVA) 1 ml IM in the deltoid at a site different from the RIG.