A move away from discrete sampling
to an automatic control system that maintains low fluctuations will result in a cost reduction of 2,638 per intensive care unit (icu) patient and hence be more resource and labour efficient.
The light source-cuvette holder can be removed; spectrometer entrance slits can be switched out to adjust the resolution and throughput; and discrete sampling
devices can be used in place of the direct-attach accessories.
Based on these purposes and the required accuracy, an appropriate sampling method can be selected from different sample collection methods (grab sampling, discrete sampling, composite sampling, combination of discrete and composite sampling, combination of grab and composite sampling, etc.
This method introduces less error than discrete sampling [82,84,85].
The constraint to perform discrete sampling has introduced composite sampling, but the cost is again considerable, though it reduces the number of samples for analysis.
He presents the results of four tests on equity, bond, commodity, and currency exchange-traded funds, and looks at models of return auto-correlation, and the discrete sampling
POCIS sampling provides a time-weighted average of chemical exposure over several weeks, whereas discrete sampling
provides a snapshot of chemical exposure at a single point in time.
On the other hand, under discrete sampling, we express the dynamics of the upgraded fund price [?
Following the continuous sampling formulation of Gerber and Pafumi (2000), we deduce from our synthetic portfolio rebalancing strategy under discrete sampling that at time t allocates an amount
Discrete sampling implies the collection of one aliquot per individual sample interval, while composite sampling involves the combination of two or more aliquots from consecutive intervals to form a sample.
Specifically, the objective is to develop a method to determine the discrete sampling time-paced interval or flow-paced volumetric depth increment required to assure that the calculated pollutant load be within an acceptable percent error of the total storm load for headwater streams.