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an electrically operated machine for washing, rinsing, and drying dishes, cutlery, etc.
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a machine for washing dishes. Dishwashers were introduced in the last quarter of the 19th century. Modern dishwashers may be commercial or domestic, all-purpose or specialized, and continuous-action or cyclic-action. The machines clean dishes with a jet spray or with brushes. Two kinds of dishwashers are currently available: the compartmental type and the open type. In compartmental machines the dishes are washed with a jet of water or detergent solution at a temperature of 30°-6O°C; open machines clean the dishes with water or a detergent solution that is applied by brushes or other mechanical devices.

All-purpose cyclic- and continuous-action dishwashers are the most widely used in the USSR (for example, the commercial machines MMU-250, MMY-500, and MMU-1000; the domestic Straume machine). Many machine models automatically maintain the necessary water level in the tub, water temperature, and detergent concentration.


[Bukharin, I. E., Iu. V. Voronin, and S. G. Godin.] Novoe posudomo-echnoe oborudovanie. Moscow, 1965.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
They included Taylor Ice Cream Machines, Vitamix Blenders, Turbo Air Refrigerators, Menu Master Microwave Ovens, Schaerer Espresso Machines, Dometic Minibars, Jiffy Steamer and Winterhalter dishwashing machines. Call 896-4941, or visit
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Using the five-digit product coding system, there are at least six such exchange groups -- commercial cooking and food-warming equipment (35891); automic vending machines (35811); commercial refrigiration (35853); soda fountain and beer dispensers (35859); dishwashing machines (35892); and restaurant cafeteria and bar furnishings and fixtures (exclusive of the equipment already listed) (25992).
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Gradual growth in living standards, continual urbanisation and the high rate of households with several family members, including children, will lead to an increase in the use of dishwashing machines over 2015-2020, as people will wish to save time and have effective dishwashing methods.
Since dishwashing machines are an easier way to wash and clean utensils, their demand is expected to increase in the near future due to busy lifestyles of people.
The usage of dishwashing machines is not as high because consumers continue to eat out often.
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