The resulting aggregate TFPR dispersion measures
look very similar to those shown in Table 1, except for the first eight years.
The Herfindahl Index and other share dispersion measures
Thus, the correlation between these price dispersion measures
and our demand response measure will be higher by construction for days with few price observations.
Price dispersion measures
computed directly from price data indicate that prices for pharmaceutical drugs vary substantially both within and between individual markets.
First of all, the absolute diversification potential of cross-country and cross-industry stocks allocation is definitely time-varying and the national and industry dispersion measures
exhibit co-movement in the same direction.
Abraham and Katz (1986) demonstrate that this dispersion measure
will increase even if no sectoral reallocation is present, simply because some industries are more cyclically sensitive than others.
However, the studies relating unemployment to dispersion measures
have largely ignored the effects of demographic changes and other traditional labor-market variables.
Replacing |g.sub.it~ with |Mathematical Expression Omitted~ in (2) gives a dispersion measure
|Mathematical Expression Omitted~ that has average aggregate and industry growth rates removed.
Although two of the three newly discovered FRBs were discovered relatively close to the galactic plane, their dispersion measures
and redshifts suggests an extragalactic origin.
Following a list of concrete examples of such risk and deviation measures used in practice, the relationship between dispersion measures
and probability metrics is introduced, albeit rather superficially.
"The striking difference between the evolution of the two dispersion measures
argues against the importance of changing distortions that affect both capital and labor at the same time," the authors write.
These studies are concerned with regional labour market variables (Dixon et al., 2001; Dixon, 2006; Dixon and Mahmood, 2006), following Martin's (1997) application of absolute dispersion and relative dispersion measures
to regional unemployment data for the United Kingdom.