The above equation is known as a linear non-homogeneous displacement loop
closure equation in complex unknowns [X.sub.1], [X.sub.2], [X.sub.3], [X.sub.4] and has complex coefficients [e.sup.i[[theta].sub.j]], [e.sup.i[[omega].sub.j]] and [e.sup.i[[lambda].sub.j]].
carry out a review of current novel research that uses mitochondrial data--copy number variations, displacement loop
mutations, variant burden, and microsatellite instability--to find more sensitive and accurate biomarkers in colorectal cancer.
The mtDNA genes were lacking of intron coding regions and the displacement loop (D-loop) was the only one significant noncoding region of the mtDNA.
The D-loop (mitochondrial displacement loop) was an mtDNA noncoding region and it was as the major control region for the regulation of mitochondrial genome replication and expression as it contained the leading-strand origin of replication and the main promoter required for transcription.
(2008) examined vertical displacement loops as alternate means of assessing typical work-energy potential.
The averaged Displacement loops (Fz-, Fx-, Velocity- and Power-Displacement loops) (Gollhofer et al., 1992; McBride et al., 2008) and the averaged Fz-Velocity loops were plotted to compare the total loop areas (Cormie et al., 2009; 2010; Gathercole et al., 2015).