As the impact of wage-setting entities, like the effect of family schemes, is conditioned by class (Constantin, 2015; 2012), disregarding the dissimilarities
between socioeconomic groups additionally contributes to confusing the influence of welfare states on gender wage gaps.
(Rubery and Grimshaw, 2011) Notwithstanding the area of hiring, the gender wage differential among low-paid employees (Popescu, 2016) is thoroughly clarified by gender dissimilarities
in output-related features.
Using MDS algorithm it is aimed to make distances d([Y.sub.i][Y.sub.j]) closer to dissimilarities
checking for correlations between dissimilarities
of TMT members' general values and organizational outcomes;
Therefore, the numerator in both coefficients counts the number of dissimilarities
that are found among the values of the variable and, as it has already been said, it does not take into account the magnitude of the values nor the distance among them.
can strangely enough be characterized as the difference between Speedy Gonzalez and Mickey Mouse, or between Diego Rivera and Norman Rockwell, or Jose Trespatines and Perry Mason.
The basic idea is that two sentences are in a paraphrase relation if they have many similarities (at lexico-semantic and syntactic levels) and few or no dissimilarities
. For instance, the two sentences shown earlier from the MSR paraphrase corpus have many similarities, e.g., common words such as York and common syntactic relations such as the subject relationship between York and have, and only a few dissimilarities
, e.g., Text A contains the word saying while Text B contains the word insisting.
* Hamann--is the number of similarities minus dissimilarities
divided by the total number of observations or variables
They also counted the number of MHC dissimilarities
among those who were real couples, and compared them with those in the randomly-generated 'virtual couples'.
Conversely, conflicting interests between individual branches of the family (Gersick, Davis, Hampton, & Lansberg, 1997) and underlying differences between family members and the CEO (Poza, Alfred, & Maheshawi, 1997) may lead to dissimilarities
in mental models about family business-related issues.
In this study, however, the relational demography measure was a composite measure that combined dissimilarities
in nationality, race and gender, which rendered the source of the positive effect ambiguous.
This study also found that perceived and actual dissimilarities
in organizational values from the CEO negatively affect TMT member attitudes.