distributed system

distributed system

[di′strib·yəd·əd ′sis·təm]
(computer science)
A computer system consisting of a collection of autonomous computers linked by a network and equipped with software that enables the computers to coordinate their activities and to share the resources of system hardware, software, and data, so that users perceive a single, integrated computing facility.
(control system)
A collection of modules, each with its own specific function, interconnected to carry out integrated data acquisition and control in a critical environment.
(systems engineering)
A system whose behavior is governed by partial differential equations, and not merely ordinary differential equations. Also known as distributed-parameter system.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

distributed system

A collection of (probably heterogeneous) automata whose distribution is transparent to the user so that the system appears as one local machine. This is in contrast to a network, where the user is aware that there are several machines, and their location, storage replication, load balancing and functionality is not transparent. Distributed systems usually use some kind of client-server organisation.

Distributed systems are considered by some to be the "next wave" of computing.

Distributed Computing Environment is the Open Software Foundation's software architecture for distributed systems.

This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

distributed computing

(1) The use of multiple computers networked throughout a geographical area. The Internet is the world's largest distributed computing platform. See also grid computing.

(2) The use of multiple computers in an enterprise rather than one centralized system. This use of the term was coined in the late 1970s when minicomputers were installed in departments throughout a company instead of deploying terminals to a mainframe. Contrast with centralized processing.
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References in periodicals archive ?
A distributed system goes a step further because no single point in the system has total control.
A suitable option for an IT Core System for a company might be a distributed system which has the advantage of local processing and the diminishing of the communication costs.
In his role at the bank, Bertram will oversee business application management, distributed system support, business intelligence, information security and other areas.
1.1.2 Importance of Replication in distributed system
[ClickPress, Fri Nov 21 2014] A distributed system is a collection of independent computer systems that does not have shared memory, but still appears as a single system to its users.
It highlights the challenges and benefits of distributed computing, analyzes the attributes of an effective distributed system, and covers basic distributed architecture types.
The allocation is approved in view of the persistent demand from States/Union Territories for more foodgrains to meet their Targeted Public Distributed System (TPDS) requirements.
A distributed system has inherent difficulties that must be overcome to synchronize systems over sometimes long distances.
A distributed system is defined as one in which different components use messages only to communicate and coordinate actions between themselves in a networked environment [5].
The relationship of the corresponding servers is just like that of respective organizations since a distributed system normally builds on many such organizations.
The purpose of this article is to find out practical advantages of distributed system created using Profinet CBA.

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