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Adam(ăd`əm), [Heb.,=man], in the Bible, the first man. In the Book of Genesis, God creates humankind in his image as a species of male and female, giving them dominion over other life. Elsewhere in Genesis, however, Adam is the personal name of the first man for whom the created order is then fashioned. From his body, EveEve
[Heb.,=life], in the Bible, the first woman, wife of Adam and the mother of Cain, Abel, and Seth. Fashioned from Adam's rib, she was beguiled by the serpent into eating the forbidden fruit of the tree of knowledge.
..... Click the link for more information. is made to be his helper and partner. After the Fall, i.e., their disobedience, they are expelled from the Garden of EdenEden,
in the Bible. 1 Son of Joah. 2 Priest. Perhaps this is the same as (1.) 3 See Eden, Garden of. 4 Unidentified trading center, possibly in Mesopotamia. 5 Place somewhere near Damascus.
..... Click the link for more information. . The Qur'an depicts Adam's creation and fall. These traditions led to the monotheistic ideas regarding sinsin,
in religion, unethical act. The term implies disobedience to a personal God, as in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, and is not used so often in systems such as Buddhism where there is no personal divinity.
..... Click the link for more information. and gracegrace,
in Christian theology, the free favor of God toward humans, which is necessary for their salvation. A distinction is made between natural grace (e.g., the gift of life) and supernatural grace, by which God makes a person (born sinful because of original sin) capable of
..... Click the link for more information. . For examples of Jewish and Islamic legends about the biblical accounts, see LilithLilith
, female demon of Jewish mythology, originally probably the Assyrian storm demon Lilitu. In Talmudic tradition many evil attributes were given to this supposedly nocturnal creature. In Jewish folklore she is a vampirelike child-killer and the symbol of sensual lust.
..... Click the link for more information. and PseudepigraphaPseudepigrapha
[Gr.,=things falsely ascribed], a collection of early Jewish and some Jewish-Christian writings composed between c.200 B.C. and c.A.D. 200, not found in the Bible or rabbinic writings.
..... Click the link for more information. . Higher criticismhigher criticism,
name given to a type of biblical criticism distinguished from textual or lower criticism. It seeks to interpret text of the Bible free from confessional and dogmatic theology.
..... Click the link for more information. regards chapters 1–4 of Genesis as the re-workings of Babylonian and Canaanite myths concerning creation. While the myths stress human servitude to the gods, Genesis places humankind at the center of the created order, over which it exercises dominion as God's agent.
Adam,in genetics, popular term for a theoretical male ancestor of all living people; see EveEve,
in genetics, popular term for a theoretical female ancestor of all living people, also known as Mitochondrial Eve. In 1987 biochemist Allan C. Wilson proposed that all living human beings had inherited mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from a single woman.
..... Click the link for more information. , in genetics.
Adam,in the Bible, town on the upper Jordan.
(man in ancient Hebrew), the first man and the father of mankind in Jewish and Christian mythology. According to the Old Testament, god created Adam as the crowning act of the creation of the world. He created Adam in his own image and likeness from the dust of the earth, blew the “breath of life” into his nostrils, and gave him dominion over the earth and over everything that lives on earth. The Koran adopted the myth about Adam, and therefore the Muslims too consider Adam the first man. Many legends and traditions in apocryphal and postbiblical Judaic literature are connected with the name and image of Adam.
M. I. ZAND