dogwood


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Related to dogwood: Dogwood Festival, Kousa Dogwood

dogwood

or

cornel

(kôr`nəl), shrub or tree of the genus Cornus, chiefly of north temperate and tropical mountain regions, characteristically having an inconspicuous flower surrounded by large, showy bracts which are often mistaken for petals. This trait is evident in the flowering dogwood (C. florida) of E North America, with white or pink bracts, and the very similar Pacific dogwood (C. nuttallii) of the West. Dogwood anthracnose, a fungal disease, has killed many wild woodland dogwoods since the 1980s. Both species are cultivated as ornamentals. Their bark, rich in tannin, has been used medicinally (as is that of the other species of Cornus), for example, as a quininequinine
, white crystalline alkaloid with a bitter taste. Before the development of more effective synthetic drugs such as quinacrine, chloroquine, and primaquine, quinine was the specific agent in the treatment of malaria.
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 substitute. Their hard wood is used for various objects, e.g., machinery bearings and tool handles. The fruits of some species are edible, e.g., those of the Old World cornelian cherry (C. mas), used also for preserves and the French liqueur vin de cornouille. The bunchberry, or dwarf cornel (C. canadensis), is a low herbaceous wildflower of North America. Dogwoods are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Cornales, family Cornaceae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
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dogwood

dogwood

Most dogwood fruits are super bitter and not edible, but one palatable species is called Cornelian Cherry (available from EdibleLandscaping.com). The root-bark tea from normal Dogwoods used historically as an astringent (stops bleeding), pain-reducing anti-inflammatory, laxative, cough suppressant for malaria, fever, uterine problems and diarrhea. Twigs are chewed to clean and whiten teeth.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dogwood

 

shrubs and trees of several species. Swida sanguinea is usually called dogwood; it is widespread in western and central regions of the European USSR and in middle and southern Europe; more rarely, S. australis, which grows in the Crimea, the Caucasus, and Asia Minor, is called dogwood. They are shrubs or low trees of the family Cornaceae, having purple shoots, white flowers and corymbiform inflorescences without spathes, and opposite, simple leaves, pale-green underneath. The fruits are juicy and spherical, blue-black or black. Both species are widely grown as ornamentals. Sometimes the wild service tree is called dogwood.


Dogwood

 

(Cornus), a genus of trees and shrubs of the family Cornaceae. The leaves are simple, entire, and opposite. The small bisexual flowers are gathered in umbellate clusters. The fruits are fleshy red drupes on stalks. Four species are found in central and southern Europe, Asia Minor, central China, Japan, and North America (California). The Soviet Union has one species, the cornelian cherry (Cornus mas). It grows in the underbrush and thickets at the edges of leafy forests in the southwestern European USSR, the Crimea, and the Caucasus. Its fruits are eaten fresh and used in preserves and compotes. The hard heavy wood is used in the manufacture of various items. Dogwood trees contain tannins, and are nectar-bearing.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

dogwood

of North Carolina and Virginia. [Flower Symbolism: Golenpaul, 639]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The status of flowering dogwood in five long-term forest plots in Connecticut.
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Pruning the dogwoods in early spring gives the shrub plenty of time to generate masses of long straight, cane-like stems through the summer growing season which will develop the stunning colour effect the following winter months.
Not only do the assorted dogwoods brighten up the winter garden, they also have something to contribute to every season of the year.
FOR winter interest combine the bright stems of willows and dogwoods with ornamental sedge, the black grass Ophiopogon Nigrescens and heathers with colourful flowers and foliage.
In terms of maintenance, dogwoods need to be pruned hard, within two or three buds of the base, in early spring to guarantee vivid new shoots in the coming winter.
"New dogwoods are not an everyday occurrence," Caroline Domenig says.
During their stay at Camp Dogwood, the Black Watch faced an almost daily bombardment of missiles.
Speeding up the Euphrates, the Liverpool officer said: ``We're going to try to uncover weapon caches and find the firing points that have been used to attack Dogwood. We want to get out there and find these things.
Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood, arrow wood, cornel, cornelian, false boxwood
Tree name: Bark looks like: Leaves look like: hemlock [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] redbud [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] red maple [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] tulip [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] sweet gum [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] honeylocust [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] ginkgo [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] paper birch [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] flowering dogwood [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]