dogwood

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dogwood

or

cornel

(kôr`nəl), shrub or tree of the genus Cornus, chiefly of north temperate and tropical mountain regions, characteristically having an inconspicuous flower surrounded by large, showy bracts which are often mistaken for petals. This trait is evident in the flowering dogwood (C. florida) of E North America, with white or pink bracts, and the very similar Pacific dogwood (C. nuttallii) of the West. Dogwood anthracnose, a fungal disease, has killed many wild woodland dogwoods since the 1980s. Both species are cultivated as ornamentals. Their bark, rich in tannin, has been used medicinally (as is that of the other species of Cornus), for example, as a quininequinine
, white crystalline alkaloid with a bitter taste. Before the development of more effective synthetic drugs such as quinacrine, chloroquine, and primaquine, quinine was the specific agent in the treatment of malaria.
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 substitute. Their hard wood is used for various objects, e.g., machinery bearings and tool handles. The fruits of some species are edible, e.g., those of the Old World cornelian cherry (C. mas), used also for preserves and the French liqueur vin de cornouille. The bunchberry, or dwarf cornel (C. canadensis), is a low herbaceous wildflower of North America. Dogwoods are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Cornales, family Cornaceae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
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dogwood

dogwood

Most dogwood fruits are super bitter and not edible, but one palatable species is called Cornelian Cherry (available from EdibleLandscaping.com). The root-bark tea from normal Dogwoods used historically as an astringent (stops bleeding), pain-reducing anti-inflammatory, laxative, cough suppressant for malaria, fever, uterine problems and diarrhea. Twigs are chewed to clean and whiten teeth.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dogwood

 

shrubs and trees of several species. Swida sanguinea is usually called dogwood; it is widespread in western and central regions of the European USSR and in middle and southern Europe; more rarely, S. australis, which grows in the Crimea, the Caucasus, and Asia Minor, is called dogwood. They are shrubs or low trees of the family Cornaceae, having purple shoots, white flowers and corymbiform inflorescences without spathes, and opposite, simple leaves, pale-green underneath. The fruits are juicy and spherical, blue-black or black. Both species are widely grown as ornamentals. Sometimes the wild service tree is called dogwood.


Dogwood

 

(Cornus), a genus of trees and shrubs of the family Cornaceae. The leaves are simple, entire, and opposite. The small bisexual flowers are gathered in umbellate clusters. The fruits are fleshy red drupes on stalks. Four species are found in central and southern Europe, Asia Minor, central China, Japan, and North America (California). The Soviet Union has one species, the cornelian cherry (Cornus mas). It grows in the underbrush and thickets at the edges of leafy forests in the southwestern European USSR, the Crimea, and the Caucasus. Its fruits are eaten fresh and used in preserves and compotes. The hard heavy wood is used in the manufacture of various items. Dogwood trees contain tannins, and are nectar-bearing.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

dogwood

of North Carolina and Virginia. [Flower Symbolism: Golenpaul, 639]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
After detecting chinconide in all samples collected that had significant amounts of HS, we conducted a separate study of dogwood trees in the Valdosta area.
Dogwood trees have been plagued by anthracnose, a fungus, and they have disappeared from many areas.
On the southwest side of the house are a dogwood tree, daylilies, and two more figures of children.
Brother to our native dogwood tree, Cornus mas covers every branch and twig with small yellow flowers.
There is also a white dogwood tree, double-bloom tulips and white, purple and yellow iris.
Auction items include a private tour of Channel 7 news anchor Randy Price's garden in Maine; a garden consultation from Tower Hill executive director John Trexler; and a large dogwood tree with planting included.
The spreading village dogwood tree was planted in the first half of the last century by Estes J.
The club purchased 50 white oak, 50 red oak and 50 dogwood tree saplings from The Arbor Day Foundation.
The Club purchased 50 white oak, 50 red oak, and 50 dogwood tree saplings from The Arbor Day Foundation.
The small garden includes a pink dogwood tree, azalea bushes and marigolds, along with a new park bench donated by the Worcester Department of Public Works.
(6) Second row: Red flowering crab apple; (7) Kousa dogwood tree. (8) Bottom row: Blossoms on a flowering cherry tree; (9) white flowers on a Japanese andromeda.
Synopsis: In the course of researching dogwood trees, poet and essayist Christopher Merrill realized that a number of formative moments in his life had some connection to the tree named (according to one writer) because its fruit was not fit for a dog.