SGS is a syndrome characterized by marfanoid habitus, dolichocephaly
, craniosynostosis, mental retardation, ocular proptosis, hypertelorism, down slanting palpebral fissures, strabismus, low-set ears, micrognathia, arachnodactyly, camptodactyly.
Hyperbrachycephaly occurred in 26%, whereas dolichocephaly
in 22% of the children.
Craniofacial findings includes dolichocephaly
, high prominent forehead, ocular proptosis, hypertelorism, telecanthus, downslanting palpebral fissures, maxillary hypoplasia, cleft palate with prominent palatine ridges, micrognathia, and apparently low-set and posteriorly rotated ears.
Human subjects with PWS are characterized as having dolichocephaly
, almond-shaped eyes, small mouth, hands, and feet, decreased muscle mass and tone (Cassidy 1997), infantile hypotonia, early onset of obesity due to central dysfunction (around 18 to 36 months of age), hypogonadia, short stature (Goldstone 2004), and show major disturbances in appetite, sleep, breathing and metabolism regulation, such as delayed satiety, premature return of hunger after eating a meal, seeking and hoarding food and food-related objects, and ingesting inanimate items (Miller et al.
The findings on physical examination were consistent with Marfan syndrome: height of 184 cm and the lower segment was disproportionately longer, with a high-arched palate, mild dolichocephaly
and positive thumb sign.
These racial references were employed in an ambiguous manner with regard to the ethnic question: the dolichocephaly
of the Turkmen was not the result of a deformation but, Oshanin suggested, a "persistent racial feature" (stoikii rasovyi priznak) that made it possible to differentiate the Turkmen from the other peoples of Central Asia.