dolmen


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dolmen

(dŏl`mĕn, dōl–) [Breton,=stone table], burial chamber consisting of two or more upright stone slabs supporting a capstone or table, typical of the Neolithic period in Europe. See megalithic monumentsmegalithic monument
[Gr.,=large stone], in archaeology, a construction involving one or several roughly hewn stone slabs of great size; it is usually of prehistoric antiquity.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Dolmen

Several large stones capped with a covering slab, as those erected in prehistoric times.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dolmen

 

an ancient burial structure, one of the types of megalithic structures. Dolmens were built from huge stone slabs weighing tens of thousands of kilograms placed vertically and supporting one or several flat slabs. They were one of the first examples of integral architectural composition based on the laws of architectonics. Dolmens usually contained the remains of several dead with stone or bronze weapons and ornaments. Some dolmens were used for burials over a few decades or even centuries. It is assumed that they were originally constructed for the burial of tribal elders. According to another hypothesis, they initially served as tribal sanctuaries and only later were converted into burial places. Dolmens are widespread in the coastal regions of Europe, North Africa, and Asia. In the USSR they are found along the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus and in the Crimea. In Europe and North Africa dolmens date from the Bronze Age; in India and Japan, from the Iron Age; and in the Caucasus, from the Early and Middle Bronze Age (the second and third millennia B.C.), with some built as late as the first millennium B.C.

REFERENCES

Kuftin, B. A. MaterialykarkheologiiKolkhidy, vol. 1. Tbilisi, 1949. Lavrov, L. I. “Dol’meny severo-zapadnogo Kavkaza.” In Tr. Aokhazkogo instituta iazyka, literatury i istorii, vol. 31. Sukhumi, 1960.
Childe, V. G. U istokov evropeiskoi tsivilizatsii. Moscow, 1952. (Translated from English.)
Vseobshchaia istoriia arkhitektury, vol. 1. Moscow, 1944. Pages 24-25.

A. L. MONGAIT

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

dolmen, table stone

A prehistoric tomb of standing stones, usually capped with a large horizontal slab.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

dolmen

1. (in British archaeology) a Neolithic stone formation, consisting of a horizontal stone supported by several vertical stones, and thought to be a tomb
2. (in French archaeology) any megalithic tomb
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
With a five year legacy of unparalleled personalised service and state of the art facilities, Dolmen Mall Clifton continues to establish itself as a mall with a heart.
La primera ocupacion obedece al momento fundacional del dolmen, que se prolonga hasta el colapso del mismo.
We get up close to this dolmen, which you can't stand upright inside of, although it is possible to crawl into it.
"Other dolmen tombs were unearthed to the northwest of Nawa city where a large number of the Neolithic cemeteries were built," Abu Noktah said.
According to the report, dolmen sites throughout the Kingdom "are being lost at an alarming rate", and the Damiyah landscape is now threatened by developmental pressures from quarrying operations.
Part of Zodiak Entertainment, a pan-European production group, Marathon has also started developing "Dolmen 2" for TF1.
Pursuing a vision to become one of the biggest real estate companies in Lebanon and the Middle East, Dolmen s.a.l.
Faisal Nadeem, Chief Executive Officer, Dolmen Malls said, 'We are confident that Sindbad Xtreme will become the most sought after attraction in the mall, taking entertainment to an all new level.
Earlier this year, the Amreli Steels Roundabout was inaugurated adjacent to City Dolmen Mall to commemorate the memory of the Father of the Nation, Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah.
A discussion on the third revised edition of Pakistan Unique Origins; Unique Destiny, a book by Javed Jabbar, at the Oxford University Press bookshop, first floor, Dolmen Mall, Clifton, at 6pm.
KARACHI -- Two-time Academy Award winner Sharmeen Obaid Chinoy is showcasing an immersive exhibition titled 'HOME1947' for the second time in Pakistan at Dolmen Mall, Clifton in Karachi.