The portion of the shoot that is formed during the previous season and overwinters in the dormant bud
is known as the preformed portion of the shoot; the portion of the shoot that forms during the current growing season is known as the neoformed portion of the shoot (Sabatier and Barthélémy 2001).
Cut to the appropriate height, if a dormant bud
is not visible.
Immediately after pruning, the following treatments were sprayed to 'drip point' at dormant bud
stage using a hand driven sprayer: garlic extract (GE) at 0, 14, 28, 42, 56 e 70mL [L.
And if possible, make the cut above a dormant bud
- called a node - because that will encourage more flowers to bloom.
In shortening a branch or twig, cut it back to an existing branch that you've determined is appropriate, or back to a lateral bud or dormant bud
are at the base of all leaves).
Most species will break successfully from old wood, the pruning cut made just above a dormant bud
near the top of the annual growth.
Cut on a diagonal, so that sap drips away from dormant bud
For example wherever possible you should cut back to either a bud or a dormant bud
with the cut at an angle sloping up towards it which will help to stimulate new growth by directing the spring rush of sap into the right place.
More tips for pruning roses come from George Howser and Tom Bonfigli, as reported in the Santa Rosa Press Democrat: ``Make final pruning cuts at 45-degree angles, -1/4 inch above dormant bud
eyes; the 45-degree cut is important because excess natural sap will rise to seal the cut, pour down the cane and not interfere with the developing bud eye.
Cook (1991) Comparison of "Cabernet Sauvignon" and "Cabernet franc" grapevine dormant bud
Always cut to a dormant bud
(one that's flattened against the stem) in an older stem, rather than to a swelling bud in a fresh stem.
A dormant bud
is then inserted, laterally like a piece of a puzzle, so that both angles above and below the bud will fit flush into the vine trunk.