dramaturgy

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dramaturgy

an approach to social analysis, especially associated with Erving GOFFMAN, in which the theatre is the basis of an analogy with everyday life. In this analogy, social action is viewed as a ‘performance’ in which actors both play parts and stage-manage their actions, seeking to control the impressions they convey to others (impression management). The aim of actors is to present themselves in a generally favourable light and in ways appropriate to particular roles and social ‘settings – the latter is Goffman's term for the physical trappings which signal particular roles or status. In a related way, SOCIAL ACTORS also cooperate as members of teams’, seeking to preserve a ‘front’ while hiding from view the ‘backstage’ of social relations. Since actors will play different roles in different situations, they also on occasion find it necessary to practise audience segregation, withholding in a current situation any sign of those other roles they play which, if visible, would threaten the impression being given at the moment (e.g. the problems that would arise for a homosexual judge from any disclosure of his homosexuality). The model of interaction involved in dramaturgy turns on the inevitability of acting partly on inference. For Goffman, the social order is a precarious accomplishment, always liable to be disrupted by embarrassment and breaches of front.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dramaturgy

 

The dramatic works of a writer, people, or period.

(2) The plot and characters of a play or film. Literary drama, transformed in the modern theater into a director’s script, forms the basis of theatrical dramaturgy. In cinematography, dramaturgy takes the form of screen-plays.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ainsi, Bresson propose que la presence est non seulement impensable hors du cadre avec les moyens de sa fiction, mais que c'est par celle-ci qu'advient la dramaturgic. Cette idee se pose en continuite avec une representation theatrale ou la dramaturgic est principalement vehiculee par l'acteur.
Newstok reproduces Burke's comments on a Washington University graduate student's paper on Troilus and Cressida (a good example of how far this ingenious editor has dug): Burke tells the student, "You are tending to write glosses from the standpoint of sheer portraiture, thereby losing somewhat the stress upon dramaturgic function.
In the masks lies one of the dramaturgic elements of the plot and for the discourse on terrorism, they capture the uniqueness of the story.
The dramaturgic structure of the show is standard and the choreographic content is largely uninventive, but peppered with excellence and resonant theatricality.
To surprise gently such persons with the glory of shadows in God's world or the flaws in a respectable public character such as Othello is the offering a poet or dramaturgic artist presents, especially to the imaginatively handicapped.
These, the extraordinarily interesting, neglected, and important historical coordinates within which Arnold examines Shakespeare's dramaturgic analysis of popular political representation, promise a pioneering study, perhaps of landmark magnitude.
It is also a lucid reflection of the dramatist on his own production: 'Revealing too are those points where there is friction between Corneille's dramaturgic or thematic preoccupation and an ironic turn of mind' (p.
The scene thus constitutes one of several instances where a non-Japanese speaking audience is bound to miss layers of dramaturgic, religious, and / or symbolic meaning.
According to Carlson, reiteration in theatre proceeds on at least four levels: spatial (theatre buildings), dramaturgic (plays), material (primarily actors) and the level of reception.
Noah was the best-known Jewish public figure in the antebellum United States, and both his journalistic and dramaturgic writings were widely cited as representations of Jewish opinion and tradition.
The acting and staging were excellent, and the playwright began to work his dramaturgic legerdemain from the narrator's opening incantation:
"It was a big work to find a balance and the right kind of dramaturgic flow between these strong elements."