dramaturgy

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dramaturgy

an approach to social analysis, especially associated with Erving GOFFMAN, in which the theatre is the basis of an analogy with everyday life. In this analogy, social action is viewed as a ‘performance’ in which actors both play parts and stage-manage their actions, seeking to control the impressions they convey to others (impression management). The aim of actors is to present themselves in a generally favourable light and in ways appropriate to particular roles and social ‘settings – the latter is Goffman's term for the physical trappings which signal particular roles or status. In a related way, SOCIAL ACTORS also cooperate as members of teams’, seeking to preserve a ‘front’ while hiding from view the ‘backstage’ of social relations. Since actors will play different roles in different situations, they also on occasion find it necessary to practise audience segregation, withholding in a current situation any sign of those other roles they play which, if visible, would threaten the impression being given at the moment (e.g. the problems that would arise for a homosexual judge from any disclosure of his homosexuality). The model of interaction involved in dramaturgy turns on the inevitability of acting partly on inference. For Goffman, the social order is a precarious accomplishment, always liable to be disrupted by embarrassment and breaches of front.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dramaturgy

 

The dramatic works of a writer, people, or period.

(2) The plot and characters of a play or film. Literary drama, transformed in the modern theater into a director’s script, forms the basis of theatrical dramaturgy. In cinematography, dramaturgy takes the form of screen-plays.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Working on his own version of Brecht's famous dramaturgical technique, he seeks to secure his aim, one noted earlier, of the audience's being both emotionally drawn into the action and yet remaining able to question what is being seen and said.
Thus, in order to address the research question, we develop a dramaturgical model for the television news item based on discourse and genre analysis (e.g., Montgomery 2007, Martin and Rose 2008), narratology (e.g., Labov and Waletzky 1967, Genette 1980), and prescriptive journalism textbooks (e.g., Everton 1999).
In Chapter 5, Casting Members: Teamwork, collusion and dramaturgical loyalty, Rossing and Scott (2014) found collective "facesaving" techniques were employed when a team of competent professionals were grouped into an aerobics program for beginners as part of a sponsored work wellness program.
With respect to the world of gambling in the early 21st century, we can double down on Goffman and say that his whole body of work can be brought to bear on contemporary gambling: its interaction orders, organizational and institutional shaping, dramaturgical performances, modes of stigmatization, definitional frames, etc.
(11) Most interesting to the present discussion, to unmake cultural identity through innovative dramaturgical processes of creolization, Kwahule turned his attention from the postcolonial motherland of France to the United States--to the West of the West, so to speak--a more conspicuous candidate to fill the role of a spatial and temporal elsewhere.
The combination of venue, kinesthetic actions, social interactions, and dramaturgical effects--all moderated and responded to via active or passive control--allows the players to come closer to entering literally into the world of the game than they ever could in a watched or read narrative.
Schindler's book fulfills its promise to pay close attention to the Republic's dramaturgical components.
Rinehart contends that "sports contests are not inherently dramaturgical," for, he observes, "not every sports contest is a 'masterpiece' [...] even though someone may commoditize it as such" (24).
In this paper, the author describes one type of learning environment where youth have the opportunity to construct adaptive, emergent identities--a "dramaturgical" process that structures the telling, adapting, and performing of personal narratives (Halverson, 2007, 2008; Wiley & Feiner, 2001).
Mendes and his Bridge Project team suggested that two casts-in-one, each from a different side of the great pond, offered opportunity to explore the play's bifurcated structure--in effect, to emphasize the inherent dramaturgical dissonance by separating the sections and allowing each to play its particular national music.
Untitled (Act III: The Glorious Return), 2008, in tandem with the exhibition's title, "Act 1: The Departure," served to wryly indicate a dramaturgical narration via only prologue and epilogue, much as in Guysgocrazy.
Logan contends that Shakespeare's oeuvre progressed 'towards an unabashed acceptance of Marlowe's influence [...] to an enthusiastic adaptation of [Marlowe's] dramaturgical techniques and stylistic tendencies in language and syntax' (p.