draft horse

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draft horse

or

work horse,

any breed of horsehorse,
hoofed, herbivorous mammal now represented by a single extant genus, Equus. The term horse commonly refers only to the domestic Equus caballus and to the wild Przewalski's horse.
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 that is suited to or used for drawing heavy loads. Draft horses originated in central Europe, where their domestication preceded the Roman invasion. Popular breeds include the BelgianBelgian horse,
one of the largest breeds of draft horses of pure European descent. It has a long history, antedating the Christian era, but became especially popular during the Middle Ages. In the 15th and 16th cent.
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, ClydesdaleClydesdale horse,
breed of draft horse developed in Scotland. It closely resembles the Shire horse, although it is not as heavy. The Clydesdale is characterized by its graceful, springy step.
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, PercheronPercheron horse
, breed of draft horse developed in NW France, originally of Flemish origin, but also containing some Arabian blood (see Arabian horse). For a heavy horse, it has considerable stamina and is a good trotter.
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, and ShireShire horse,
a breed of draft horse native to central England. It is equal in weight to the Belgian horse and is usually slightly taller. Widely used as a war horse during the Middle Ages, it was well adapted to carry the excessive weight of armor worn by both horse and rider.
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, all of which are extremely large and noted for their strength, endurance, and good disposition.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Draft Horse

 

the collective name for certain specialized breeds of work horses. Draft horses have massive bodies and a great capacity for pulling heavy loads. The main draft horses in the USSR are the Soviet, Vladimir, and Russian breeds, while in Western Europe the most important breeds are the Brabant, Percheron, Boulonnais, Breton, Shire, Clydesdale, Suffolk, and Ardennes. Draft horses were widely used in agriculture, for transportation, and in other work. Their use has declined with the growth of mechanization.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The study found high prevalence of the disease and existence of active nasal shed ders in draught horses. PCA grouped symptoms that were more correlated together and provides a mechanism to overcome collinearity for regression models.
Today they are used for a multitude of purposes, including farming, draught horse showing, logging, and recreation.
Farmers mixed the plant with the fodder for the draught horses.
RARE draught horses are being used to clear woodland for the first time in half a century.
The 1.5-ton carriage of the King's Troop Royal Horse Artillery was drawn by six black Irish draught horses over Tower Bridge and past Buckingham Palace.
MARTIN CLUNES - HEAVY HORSE POWER ITV, 9pm Two years ago, Martin Clunes added two Clydesdale draught horses to the menagerie at his Dorset farm.
Harnessing and driving such large draft-horse hitches--made up of 40 2000-pound Belgian draught horses and 110-feet long from the first nose to the last tail--was a lost art in 1972, Forty-horse teams had been common in the 19th century, but the last time a draft team of that size had been harnessed was in 1904.
The team found that the genetic profile of Thoroughbreds shows the greatest overlap with those of Eurasian breeds, especially Connemara ponies from Ireland and Irish Draught horses.
Jeffrey Mitchell, aged 41, became irate when he got stuck behind 18 Irish Draught horses pulling carriages, injuring one, on a country lane in Warwickshire in September last year.
| HORSE SENSE: Heavy draught horses belonging to | |Liverpool Corporation on St George's Plateau during the May Day horse parade in 1910
No final decision on the ad seems to have been made, but it seems more than likely that the draught horses will once again frolick in the pastures of the Super Bowl.
The stars of the show were two Suffolk Punch draught horses, Willow and Sorrel, who were brought along by Harry Gotts, from the Shire Horse Museum in Cornwall.