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mental activity associated with the rapid-eye-movement (REM) period of sleep. It is commonly made up of a number of visual images, scenes or thoughts expressed in terms of seeing rather than in those of the other senses or in words. Electroencephalograph studies, measuring the electrical activity of the brain during REM sleep, have shown that young adults dream for 1 1-2 to 2 hours of every 8-hour period of sleep. Infants spend an average of 50% of their sleep in the REM phase (they are believed to dream more often than adults) a figure which decreases steadily with age. During dreams, blood pressure and heart rate increase, and breathing is quickened, but the body is otherwise immobile. Studies have shown that sleepers deprived of dream-sleep are likely to become irritable and lose coordination skills. Unusually frightening dreams are called nightmares, and daydreams are constructed fantasies that occur while the individual is awake. Studies have demonstrated the existence of lucid dreaming, where the individual is aware that he is dreaming and has a degree of control over his dream.

Sigmund FreudFreud, Sigmund
, 1856–1939, Austrian psychiatrist, founder of psychoanalysis. Born in Moravia, he lived most of his life in Vienna, receiving his medical degree from the Univ. of Vienna in 1881.

His medical career began with an apprenticeship (1885–86) under J.
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, in his pioneering work The Interpretation of Dreams (1900, tr. 1913), was one of the first to emphasize dreams as keys to the unconscious. He distinguished the manifest content of dreams—the dream as it is recalled by the individual—from the latent content or the meaning of the dream, which Freud saw in terms of wish fulfillment. C. G. JungJung, Carl Gustav
, 1875–1961, Swiss psychiatrist, founder of analytical psychology. The son of a country pastor, he studied at Basel (1895–1900) and Zürich (M.D., 1902).
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 held that dreams function to reveal the unconscious mind, anticipate future events, and give expression to neglected areas of the dreamer's personality. Another theory, which PET scan studies appear to support, suggests that dreams are a result of electrical energy that stimulates memories located in various regions of the brain.


See J. A. Hobson, The Dreaming Brain (1988); M.-L. von Franz, Dreams (1991).


An involuntary series of visual, auditory, or kinesthetic images, emotions, and thoughts occurring in the mind during sleep or a sleeplike state, which take the form of a sequence of events or of a story, having a feeling of reality but totally lacking a feeling of free will.


a. mental activity, usually in the form of an imagined series of events, occurring during certain phases of sleep
b. (as modifier): a dream sequence
a. a sequence of imaginative thoughts indulged in while awake; daydream; fantasy
b. (as modifier): a dream world
References in periodicals archive ?
Yours, Dreamily, opens with a strange spoken intro backed by an old-worldly keyboard line but then launches into the first track, Outta My Mind.
Nige (below) made all this without making any mess, glass of Prosecco in hand, and getting dreamily nostalgic about the days she worked in Florence as a chambermaid.
But in the evenings at home when I dreamily went through my pockets they (the pockets) were empty.
The TVC features a young girl, dreamily walking down the street as she stumbles across the ROH.
The tunes encompass a dreamily opalescent in-the-tradition mellowness, as well as a nudging spikiness on the swifter numbers.
Sonhos is a dreamily expressive and moody piece for horn and piano.
It's a dreamily pleasant album that could very easily be mistaken for something recorded during the Summer of Love.
SHOWING: Cineworld & Showcase VERDICT: Ferrera and Gross are a sweet but two-dimensional match, at the mercy of their loved ones' demands and inevitable lapses in judgment GETTING married in the movies is rarely a case of walking down an aisle, staring dreamily into a beloved's eyes and nervously saying "I do.
Finally, and I know I am an offender on this score, pedestrians dreamily wander along the pavement and stray into the cycle lane with their backs to oncoming cycles.
Oberon floats dreamily in and out of the antic action in a kind of balloon-less gondola, and the opera opens with the royal fairy couple's juvenile courtiers standing onstage and gently swaying like stalks of wheat in a light breeze.
Yet in true comic-book style, Wigan wally Luke dreamily told Mo: "My parents will be pleased because they know how much I like Rebecca.
In the second, slow movement, Brendel does seem a tad self conscious, almost as though he's sometimes stopping to admire his own work; but it comes off dreamily enough.