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see edemaedema
, abnormal accumulation of fluid in the body tissues or in the body cavities causing swelling or distention of the affected parts. Edema of the ankles and lower legs (in ambulatory patients) is characteristic of congestive heart failure, but it can accompany other
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the accumulation of fluid (transudate) in the cavities, tissues, organs, joints, and membranes of the human body owing to intensified transudation of the liquid parts of the blood and lymph at the same time that they are insufficiently reabsorbed by the tissues. Dropsy may be caused by such conditions as cardiovascular diseases, tumors, renal disorders, malnutrition, and some types of poisoning. Dropsy may be local, general, or pseudo. Local dropsy generally develops when the veins in some part of the body become compressed. For example, obstruction or compression of the portal or femoral vein causes abdominal dropsy (ascites) or edema of the lower limb. Compression of the corresponding veins may give rise to thoracic dropsy (hydrothorax), dropsy of the testis (hydrocele), and other types. General dropsy may be caused by certain diseases. Thus, in heart disease, fluid accumulates in the lower parts of the body (cardiac edema). The edemas related to kidney disease, as well as starvation edemas, are formed evenly throughout the subcutaneous tissue (primarily in places with very loose subcutaneous tissue such as the eyelids and scrotum). Edematous skin is pale, smooth, dry, and shiny; in cardiac edemas it is bluish because of venous congestion. Indentations in the skin are produced by finger pressure. Pseudo dropsy is the name of the accumulation of fluid in the glandular or secretory cavities when their efferent ducts are blocked, for example, renal and uterine tube dropsy. Treatment involves the removal of the basic cause of dropsy.




Pathol a condition characterized by an accumulation of watery fluid in the tissues or in a body cavity
References in periodicals archive ?
Pearson on certain statements respecting the alkaline matter contained in dropsical fluids and in the serum of the blood.
It meant going up a flight of steps to reach the front door, and the twenty-seven-year-old Louise was there long before her asthmatic and dropsical fifty-nine-year-old husband.
He's dropsical, she is sore-eyed, yet they're never happy asunder.
his thirst, for once, not dropsical enough/to quench the music of this braided storm:" The aim, I guess, is to carry on Hart Crane's language, but there's no sign of Crane's other qualities, like vision and feeling.
d) Tumid flowers, either dropsical after a hard shower, or pregnant with seeds.
Hawkins is the source for the story of Johnson's celebration of Charlotte Lennox's first novel, The Life of Harriet Stuart (1750), and for the account of his stabbing his dropsical legs to remove fluid, but Hawkins also revealed--or invented--many faults.
Excessive accumulation of allantoic fluid in allantoic sac occurs as a single pathological factor in 85-90% of dropsical conditions affecting fetus and its membranes in bovines (Roberts, 1986 and Youngquist, 1997).
This book plan is the easiest and the needfullest, and would prove a considerable tonic to what we call our British constitution, which has fallen dropsical of late, and has an evil thirst, and evil hunger, and wants healthier feeding.
Roberts (1971) stated that dropsical condition usually affects both fetus and fetal membranes.
It is occasionally associated with a dropsical condition of uterus, mesotheliomas of fetal abdomen and has been observed associated with brucellosis (Roberts 2004).