drug addiction

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drug addiction

or

drug dependency

a chronic physical and psychological compulsion or craving to take a drug, in which the person concerned must continue to take the drug in order to avoid unpleasant physical and psychological effects resulting from withdrawal from the drug. Compare DRUG TAKING FOR PLEASURE.

Many drugs can be associated with drug addiction and dependency, including sedatives (e.g. barbiturates), the opiates (e.g. heroin) and alcohol (see ALCOHOLISM). Drugs which do not lead to dependency include cannabis, the hallucinogens (e.g. lysergic acid – LSD), and stimulants such as cocaine and amphetamines. While so-called ‘hard drugs’ such as heroin attract the main attention of governments and researchers, addiction to alcohol is far more widespread. The indiscriminate medicinal use of barbiturates in the 1960s has also been responsible for much drug dependency. More recently, benzodiazepines (notably Valium) replaced barbiturates as a new source of medically induced drug dependency The control of addictive drugs has been a major concern of Western governments and the United Nations, but with mixed success. While government control of dangerous drugs reflects public concern, what needs explanation is why some non-addictive drugs, such as cannabis, are illegal, whilst other, more addictive drugs, such as tobacco and alcohol, are legal. Various explanations are offered for this phenomenon, including: the difficulty of controlling long-established drugs, and the occurrence of MORAL PANICS and mass media DEVIANCE AMPLIFICATION, and hence heightened controls and policing in relation to newly introduced drugs, particularly when these are associated with other forms of social DEVIANCE, and/or with lower status and ethnic minority groups.

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000

Drug Addiction

Confessions of an English Opium-Eater
Thomas de Quincy tells of his opium addiction, his nightmarish experiences, and the sufferings of withdrawal. [Br. Lit.: Haydn & Fuller, 155]
Holmes, Sherlock
the famous sleuth, addicted to cocaine. [Br. Lit.: Benét, 473]
Man with the Golden Arm, The
Chicagoan Frankie Machine, a failure, takes to morphine, murders his supplier, and hangs himself. [Am. Lit.: Benét, 632]
Tyrone, Mary
addicted to morphine after childbirth, thanks to her husband’s choice of a quack doctor. [Am. Lit.: O’Neill Long Day’s Journey into Night in Sobel, 431]
Valley of the Dolls
portrays self-destruction of drug addicted starlets. [Am. Lit.: Valley of the Dolls]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The tribunal heard that a boy had posted on the Facebook site: "Mr Routledge will always be remembered for branding me a druggie."
"When interrogated about the drugs, the Emirati druggie, H.A.K., guided the police to a plastic bag stuffed with 2,063 narcotic pills he was hiding in a bag in his room with the intent of trafficking."
DRUGGIE Charlie Mann chopped off his, ahem manhood and stabbed his mother 11 times after snorting mephedrone, known as meow meow.
So while she is concocting yet another fantasy, Steve is busy helping old flame Michelle deal with her druggie son Ryan and his dealer...
Shirley Dunn, the devastated mum of Michael, has spoken up for her dead teenage son claiming he was never a "druggie".
Harold and Kumar Get The Munchies (15Adventures of hungry druggie misfits (Jon Cho and Kal Penn7.
Mary's clients include Phillip, the son of a British diplomat who had rather unsuccessfully taken up the hippie life and ended up with a broken back; Amod, the kind and lonely waiter from the dhaba (cafe), who supplies her with food when she is too tired to eat but who has no joy in his life because of his fears and insecurities; and Antone, a druggie who tries to kidnap Phillip for ransom, not knowing about his injury.
The luxury pad has every conceivable mod-con including a state-of-the-art panic room designed to withstand just the sort of break-in planned by the film's baddies - a security wizard (Forest Whitaker), a druggie (Jared Leto) and a psycho (Dwight Yoakam) - who are after a secret stash of valuable bonds.
The film's attempts at being gritty and real (Harris's melancholy queen, Peet's strung-out druggie) are less convincing than the tart talk, which is unfortunate, as Steers is said to have based Harris's character on a brother who died of AIDS complications.
The law enforcement bodies were alerted by undercover agents that the druggie was heading in his car from a neighbouring emirate to the RAK city with narcotics for peddling.
Her brother Andrew's girlfriend, Emma Stanners, told of the family's anger and said of the boy: "He's got to go to school with everyone saying, 'Your mam used to be a druggie.' "I just can't believe where Cheryl is coming from.
People just think of Pete as a druggie screw-up and forget the music.