dry cleaning


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

dry cleaning,

process of cleaning fabrics without water. Special solvents and soaps are used so as not to harm fabrics and dyes that will not withstand the effects of ordinary soap and water. Dry cleaning began in France about the middle of the 19th cent., at first in small plants, where it was done by hand; with the development of specialized machinery it has become an important industry. The danger of fire—at first a constant menace because of the large amounts of flammable materials in use—was largely overcome by concentrating the work in specially designed plants and by the use of a high-boiling petroleum product still commonly used in the United States. Newer chlorinated hydrocarbon synthetic solvents, such as perchlorethylene, are nonflammable but require precautions against their toxicity and danger to the ozone layerozone layer
or ozonosphere,
region of the stratosphere containing relatively high concentrations of ozone, located at altitudes of 12–30 mi (19–48 km) above the earth's surface.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The process for dry cleaning ordinary fabrics is to place them in revolving washers where they are washed with the cleansing fluid and a special soap, rinsed with pure cleansing fluid, and then spun to remove most of the fluid. They are then dried with warm air in a tumbler. Delicate fabrics are done by hand. The cleansing fluids are reclaimed and used again. Unusual stains are given an expert test to determine the proper solvent; special stain removers include chloroform, ether, and carbon disulphide.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

dry cleaning

[′drī klēn·iŋ]
(engineering)
To utilize dry-cleaning fluid to remove stains from textile.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Conventional dry cleaning is the most popular way to wash delicate fabrics and structured garments, such as suit jackets, silk and wool, but it also has some dirty truths.
Most of the PERC that remained adhered on the clothes after dry cleaning were emptied from the machine till the point they are prepared for pressing.
The study showed that the demand for dry cleaning pick-up services is on the rise as it reported a 68 per cent increase between 2016 and 2017.
NextCleaners has a unique on-demand dry cleaning and laundry services platform.
With over 40 years of dry cleaning experience, The Dhobi understands the need for extended dry cleaning services and offers a low price specialty menu for designer items “Dhobi Approved” green dry cleaners span Nassau County.
"Being able to have your garments cleaned in an affordable and timely fashion that doesn't negatively impact the environment is something that's appreciated everywhere, not just in the U.S.," said Kevin Dubois, CEO of Lapels Dry Cleaning. "With this new division, we are currently speaking with Franchise Partners from across the world and anticipate opening our first store within 2013" added Dubois.
So customers are in fact paying the price of dry cleaning for a simple wash!
The organisation is keen to encourage interest in the charitable services among North East businesses, small or large, office or industrial, in all parts of the region For more information on the new charitable dry cleaning initiative please visit: www.cleanersforcauses.com.
The Whitakers" association with the laundry and dry cleaning business in Denbigh goes back nearly 60 years.
If the subject's occupation was dry cleaning, the interview covered length of employment in the dry-cleaning shop, number of workers in the shop, solvents used, and the subject's smoking and drinking habits.
THE ONLY CLEANER TO USE IN A CLEANING TANK IS WHAT THE WEAPON'S TM RECOMMENDS, WHICH IN MOST CASES IS A DRY CLEANING SOLVENT LIKE PD-680.
In Canada, dry cleaners have been reducing their need to purchase new product by incorporating the most available "next generation" dry cleaning equipment.