drying oil

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

drying oil,

any of several natural oils which, when exposed to the air, oxidize to form a tough, elastic film. The common drying oils are cottonseed oil (see cottoncotton,
most important of the vegetable fibers, and the plant from which the fiber is harvested. The Cotton Plant

The cotton plant belongs to the genus Gossypium of the family Malvaceae (mallow family).
..... Click the link for more information.
), corn oil, soybean oil, tung oiltung oil,
oil obtained from the seeds of a tropical tree, the tung tree (Aleurites fordii) of the spurge family, and from seeds of some related species, all from Indomalesia or W Pacifica. It is known also as China wood oil and nut oil.
..... Click the link for more information.
, and linseed oillinseed oil,
amber-colored, fatty oil extracted from the cotyledons and inner coats of the linseed. The raw oil extracted from the seeds by hydraulic pressure is pale in color and practically without taste or odor.
..... Click the link for more information.
; the first three oils mentioned are more properly called semidrying oils. Linseed oil is the most widely used. Drying oils are used mainly in paints, varnishes, lacquers, and printer's ink. Use is recorded as early as A.D. 200 of boiled linseed oil, which dries faster than raw oil. Tung oil is imported from China, and linseed oil mainly from Argentina. Drying oils have also been prepared from various nondrying fish oils (e.g., sardine and herring oils) and from whale oil.

drying oil

[′drī·iŋ ‚ȯil]
Relatively highly unsaturated oil, such as cottonseed, soybean, and linseed oil, that is easily oxidized and polymerized to form a hard, dry film on exposure to air; used in paints and varnish.

drying oil, paint oil

A vegetable oil which oxidizes easily on exposure to air and forms a hard, dry film; esp. useful in paints.
References in periodicals archive ?
Egg yolk and whole egg have the lowest values for polyunsaturated fatty acids in comparison with drying oils [2, 8].
FT-NIR spectra of drying oils are shown in Figure 3(a).
Therefore, the drying oils Raman spectra predominantly contain bands arising from vibrations of the hydrocarbon chains.
Focusing on the two-dimensional score plot in the space defined by PC1 and PC2 (Figure 5) four different data groups can be individuated: (1) gums; (2) drying oils; (3) egg yolk and whole egg; (4) glues, casein, and egg white.
Focusing, instead, on drying oils, these binders datasets contribute with a positive score value to PC1, whereas they result to be very close to a zero value for PC2 (Figure 5).
Instead, EY and WE are located at an intermediate position between drying oils and the other protein-based binding media (Figure 5).