Chomsky argues that inclusion of migrants into the body politic produced a dual labour market
linked to racial order.
Blair (2001) challenges the notion of a dual labour market
whereby workers exist in either a secure, permanent mode of employment or are precariously employed on an ad hoc basis in her analysis of the labour process in the UK film industry.
Monti tried to boost the role of apprenticeships, taking Germany as a model, to replace temporary or "precarious" contracts that are seen as the unacceptable face of the dual labour market
. These contracts were not scrapped, as some experts urged, but the rules for using them were tightened.
Next, the growing use of independent contracting is explained using two theoretical frameworks: HR architectures, positing relationships between modes of employment and modes of HR governance; and dual labour market theory.
In regard to the vulnerability of workers, the implications of this kind of structural division of the labor force may be comprehended using dual labour market theory, notably, the construct of labour market segmentation (Doeringer & Piore, 1971; Reich, Gordon & Edwards, 1973).
The key point made by dual labour market theorists for the present discussion is that inequality and poverty are shaped by structural deficiencies in the creation and allocation of jobs in the labour market, rather than the endowments of individuals.
The crisis has revealed the risk that a dual labour market
The growth of urban centres in Canada and the practical application of Canadian immigration policy have led to the creation of a dual labour market
reflecting the uneven development of globalization.
By explaining labour as a system that is organized by, and actively organizes, gender and race hierarchies, Glenn argues against traditional economic-based theories of the labour market such as human capital or dual labour market
If the increase of real wage costs expected by the critics of the EU's social programme reduces employment, it will do so in the "secondary" sector of the emerging dual labour market of Europe.
Certainly in many EU countries, including the UK, dual labour markets appear to be emerging, with a regulated high-wage, high-productivity sector co-existing with a low-wage, unskilled sector offering insecure part-time employment.
For the UAE, and other dual labour markets
in the Gulf, organising the future workforce and addressing segmentation will be vital.